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Part Three


The moral law forbids acts which, for commercial or

totalitarian purposes, lead to the enslavement of hu­

man beings, or to their being bought, sold or ex­

changed like merchandise.


The dominion granted by the Creator over the miner­

al, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe

cannot be separated from respect for moral obliga­

tions, including those toward generations to come.


Animals are entrusted to man’s stewardship; he must

show them kindness. They may be used to serve the

just satisfaction of man’s needs.


The Church makes a judgment about economic and

social matters when the fundamental rights of the

person or the salvation of souls requires it. She is

concerned with the temporal common good of men

because they are ordered to the sovereign Good,

their ultimate end.


Man is himself the author, center, and goal of all

economic and social life. The decisive point of the

social question is that goods created by God for ev­

eryone should in fact reach everyone in accordance

with justice and with the help of charity.


The primordial value of labor stems from man

himself, its author and beneficiary. By means of his

labor man participates in the work of creation. Work

united to Christ can be redemptive.


True development concerns the whole man. It is con­

cerned with increasing each person’s ability to re­

spond to his vocation and hence to God’s call (cf. CA



Giving alms to the poor is a witness to fraternal char­

ity: it is also a work of justice pleasing to God.


How can we not recognize Lazarus, the hungry beggar

in the parable (cf.


17:19-31), in the multitude of hu­

man beings without bread, a roof or a place to stay?

How can we fail to hear Jesus: “As you did it not to

one of the least of these, you did it not to me” (