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592

Part Three

2467

Man tends by nature toward the truth. He is obliged to hon­

or and bear witness to it: “It is in accordance with their dignity that

all men, because they are persons . . . are both impelled by their na­

ture and bound by a moral obligation to seek the truth, especially

religious truth. They are also bound to adhere to the truth once they

come to know it and direct their whole lives in accordance with the

demands of truth.”

262

2468

Truth as uprightness in human action and speech is called

truthfulness,

sincerity, or candor. Truth or truthfulness is the virtue

which consists in showing oneself true in deeds and truthful in

words, and in guarding against duplicity, dissimulation, and

hypocrisy.

2469

“Men could not live with one another if there were not

mutual confidence that they were being truthful to one another.”

263

The virtue of truth gives another his just due. Truthfulness keeps to

the just mean between what ought to be expressed and what ought

to be kept secret: it entails honesty and discretion. In justice, “as a

matter of honor, one man owes it to another to manifest the

truth.”

264

2470

The disciple of Christ consents to “live in the truth,” that

is, in the simplicity of a life in conformity with the Lord’s example,

abiding in his truth. “If we say we have fellowship with himwhile

we walk in darkness, we lie and do not live according to the

truth.”

265

II.

T

o

B

ear

W

itness

to

the

T

ruth

2471

Before Pilate, Christ proclaims that he “has come into the

world, to bear witness to the truth.”

266

The Christian is not to “be

ashamed then of testifying to our Lord.”

267

In situations that re­

quire witness to the faith, the Christian must profess it without

equivocation, after the example of St. Paul before his judges. We

must keep “a clear conscience toward God and toward men.”

268

262

DH

2 § 2.

263 St. Thomas Aquinas,

STh

II-II, 109, 3

ad

1.

264 St. Thomas Aquinas,

STh

II-II, 109, 3, corp. art.

265

1 Jn

1:6.

266

Jn

18:37.

267

2 Tim

1:8.

268

Acts

24:16.

2104

1458

1807

1816