Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  594 / 904 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 594 / 904 Next Page
Page Background

594

Part Three

III.

O

ffenses

A

gainst

T

ruth

2475

Christ’s disciples have “put on the newman, created after

the likeness of God in true righteousness and holiness.”

274

By

“putting away falsehood,” they are to “put away all malice and all

guile and insincerity and envy and all slander.”

275

2476

False witness and perjury.

When it is made publicly, a state­

ment contrary to the truth takes on a particular gravity. In court it

becomes false witness.

276

When it is under oath, it is perjury. Acts

such as these contribute to condemnation of the innocent, exonera­

tion of the guilty, or the increased punishment of the accused.

277

They gravely compromise the exercise of justice and the fairness of

judicial decisions.

2477

Respect for the reputation

of persons forbids every attitude

and word likely to cause them unjust injury.

278

He becomes guilty:

of

rash judgment

who, even tacitly, assumes as true, without

sufficient foundation, the moral fault of a neighbor;

of

detraction

who, without objectively valid reason, discloses

another’s faults and failings to persons who did not know them;

279

of

calumny

who, by remarks contrary to the truth, harms the

reputation of others and gives occasion for false judgments con­

cerning them.

2478

To avoid rash judgment, everyone should be careful to

interpret insofar as possible his neighbor’s thoughts, words, and

deeds in a favorable way:

Every good Christian ought to be more ready to give a

favorable interpretation to another’s statement than to con­

demn it. But if he cannot do so, let him ask how the other

understands it. And if the latter understands it badly, let the

former correct him with love. If that does not suffice, let the

Christian try all suitable ways to bring the other to a correct

interpretation so that he may be saved.

280

274

Eph

4:24.

275

Eph

4:25;

1 Pet

2:1.

276 Cf.

Prov

19:9.

277 Cf.

Prov

18:5.

278 Cf. CIC, can. 220.

279 Cf.

Sir

21:28.

280 St. Ignatius of Loyola,

Spiritual Exercises,

22.

2152