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608

Part Three

2540

Envy represents a form of sadness and therefore a refusal

of charity; the baptized person should struggle against it by exer­

cising good will. Envy often comes from pride; the baptized person

should train himself to live in humility:

Would you like to see God glorified by you? Then rejoice in

your brother’s progress and youwill immediately give glory

to God. Because his servant could conquer envy by rejoicing

in the merits of others, God will be praised.

329

II.

T

he

D

esires of

the

S

pirit

2541

The economy of law and grace turns men’s hearts away

from avarice and envy. It initiates them into desire for the Sover­

eign Good; it instructs them in the desires of the Holy Spirit who

satisfies man’s heart.

The God of the promises always warned man against

seduction by what from the beginning has seemed “good for food

. . . a delight to the eyes . . . to be desired to make one wise.”

330

2542

The Law entrusted to Israel never sufficed to justify those

subject to it; it even became the instrument of “lust.”

331

The gap

between wanting and doing points to the conflict between God’s

Lawwhich is the “law of my mind,” and another law “making me

captive to the law of sin which dwells in my members.”

332

2543

“But now the righteousness of God has been manifested

apart from law, although the law and the prophets bear witness to

it, the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who

believe.”

333

Henceforth, Christ’s faithful “have crucified the flesh

with its passions and desires”; they are led by the Spirit and follow

the desires of the Spirit.

334

329 St. John Chrysostom,

Hom. in Rom.

71, 5: PG 60, 448.

330

Gen

3:6.

331 Cf.

Rom

7:7.

332

Rom

7:23; cf. 7:10.

333

Rom

3:21-22.

334

Gal

5:24; cf.

Rom

8:14, 27.

1829

1718

2764

397

1963

1992