Envy represents a form of sadness and therefore a refusal
of charity; the baptized person should struggle against it by exer
cising good will. Envy often comes from pride; the baptized person
should train himself to live in humility:
Would you like to see God glorified by you? Then rejoice in
your brother’s progress and youwill immediately give glory
to God. Because his servant could conquer envy by rejoicing
in the merits of others, God will be praised.
The economy of law and grace turns men’s hearts away
from avarice and envy. It initiates them into desire for the Sover
eign Good; it instructs them in the desires of the Holy Spirit who
satisfies man’s heart.
The God of the promises always warned man against
seduction by what from the beginning has seemed “good for food
. . . a delight to the eyes . . . to be desired to make one wise.”
The Law entrusted to Israel never sufficed to justify those
subject to it; it even became the instrument of “lust.”
between wanting and doing points to the conflict between God’s
Lawwhich is the “law of my mind,” and another law “making me
captive to the law of sin which dwells in my members.”
“But now the righteousness of God has been manifested
apart from law, although the law and the prophets bear witness to
it, the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who
Henceforth, Christ’s faithful “have crucified the flesh
with its passions and desires”; they are led by the Spirit and follow
the desires of the Spirit.
329 St. John Chrysostom,
Hom. in Rom.
71, 5: PG 60, 448.
7:23; cf. 7:10.