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64

Part One

knows the Father except the Son and any one to whom the Son

chooses to reveal him.”

64

241

For this reason the apostles confess Jesus to be the Word:

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and

the Word was God”; as “the image of the invisible God”; as the

“radiance of the glory of God and the very stamp of his nature.”

65

242

Following this apostolic tradition, the Church confessed at

the first ecumenical council at Nicaea (325) that the Son is “consub­

stantial” with the Father, that is, one only God with him.

66

The

second ecumenical council, held at Constantinople in 381, kept this

expression in its formulation of the Nicene Creed and confessed

“the Only Begotten Son of God, born of the Father before all ages.

God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begot-

ten, not made, consubstantial with the Father.”

67

The Father and the Son revealed by the Spirit

243

Before his Passover, Jesus announced the sending of “an-

other Paraclete” (Advocate), the Holy Spirit. At work since crea­

tion, having previously “spoken through the prophets,” the Spirit

will now be with and in the disciples, to teach them and guide them

“into all the truth.”

68

The Holy Spirit is thus revealed as another

divine person with Jesus and the Father.

244

The eternal origin of the Holy Spirit is revealed in his

mission in time. The Spirit is sent to the apostles and to the Church

both by the Father in the name of the Son, and by the Son in person,

once he had returned to the Father.

69

The sending of the person of

the Spirit after Jesus’ glorification

70

reveals in its fullness the mys-

tery of the Holy Trinity.

245

The apostolic faith concerning the Spirit was confessed by

the second ecumenical council at Constantinople (381): “I believe

in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from

the Father.”

71

By this confession, the Church recognizes the

64

Mt

11:27.

65

Jn

1:1;

Col

1:15;

Heb

1:3.

66 The English phrases “of one being” and “one in being” translate the Greek

word

homoousios,

which was rendered in Latin by

consubstantialis.

67 Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed; cf. DS 150.

68 Cf.

Gen 1:

2; Nicene Creed (DS 150);

Jn

14:17, 26. 16:13.

69 Cf.

Jn

14:26; 15:26; 16:14.

70 Cf.

Jn

7:39.

71 Nicene Creed; cf. DS 150.

465

683

2780

687

732

152