The Profession of Faith
of them is God whole and entire: “The Father is that which the Son
is, the Son that which the Father is, the Father and the Son that
which the Holy Spirit is, i.e., by nature one God.”
In the words
of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215): “Each of the persons is that
supreme reality, viz., the divine substance, essence or nature.”
The divine persons are really distinct from one another.
one but not solitary.”
“Father,” “Son,” “Holy Spirit” are not
simply names designating modalities of the divine being, for they
are really distinct from one another: “He is not the Father who is
the Son, nor is the Son he who is the Father, nor is the Holy Spirit
he who is the Father or the Son.”
They are distinct from one
another in their relations of origin: “It is the Father who generates,
the Son who is begotten, and the Holy Spirit who proceeds.”
divine Unity is Triune.
The divine persons are relative to one another.
Because it does
not divide the divine unity, the real distinction of the persons from
one another resides solely in the relationships which relate them to
one another: “In the relational names of the persons the Father is
related to the Son, the Son to the Father, and the Holy Spirit to both.
While they are called three persons in view of their relations, we
believe in one nature or substance.”
Indeed “everything (in them)
is one where there is no opposition of relationship.”
that unity the Father is wholly in the Son and wholly in the Holy
Spirit; the Son is wholly in the Father and wholly in the Holy Spirit;
the Holy Spirit is wholly in the Father and wholly in the Son.”
St. Gregory of Nazianzus, also called “the Theologian,”
entrusts this summary of Trinitarian faith to the catechumens of
Above all guard for me this great deposit of faith for which
I live and fight, which I want to take withme as a companion,
and which makes me bear all evils and despise all pleasures:
I mean the profession of faith in the Father and the Son and
the Holy Spirit. I entrust it to you today. By it I am soon going
to plunge you into water and raise you up from it. I give it
to you as the companion and patron of your whole life. I give
84 Council of Toledo XI (675): DS 530:26.
85 Lateran Council IV (1215): DS 804.
87 Council of Toledo XI (675): DS 530:25.
88 Lateran Council IV (1215): DS 804.
89 Council of Toledo XI (675): DS 528.
90 Council of Florence (1442): DS 1330.
91 Council of Florence (1442): DS 1331.