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The Profession of Faith

67

of them is God whole and entire: “The Father is that which the Son

is, the Son that which the Father is, the Father and the Son that

which the Holy Spirit is, i.e., by nature one God.”

84

In the words

of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215): “Each of the persons is that

supreme reality, viz., the divine substance, essence or nature.”

85

254

The divine persons are really distinct from one another.

“God is

one but not solitary.”

86

“Father,” “Son,” “Holy Spirit” are not

simply names designating modalities of the divine being, for they

are really distinct from one another: “He is not the Father who is

the Son, nor is the Son he who is the Father, nor is the Holy Spirit

he who is the Father or the Son.”

87

They are distinct from one

another in their relations of origin: “It is the Father who generates,

the Son who is begotten, and the Holy Spirit who proceeds.”

88

The

divine Unity is Triune.

255

The divine persons are relative to one another.

Because it does

not divide the divine unity, the real distinction of the persons from

one another resides solely in the relationships which relate them to

one another: “In the relational names of the persons the Father is

related to the Son, the Son to the Father, and the Holy Spirit to both.

While they are called three persons in view of their relations, we

believe in one nature or substance.”

89

Indeed “everything (in them)

is one where there is no opposition of relationship.”

90

“Because of

that unity the Father is wholly in the Son and wholly in the Holy

Spirit; the Son is wholly in the Father and wholly in the Holy Spirit;

the Holy Spirit is wholly in the Father and wholly in the Son.”

91

256

St. Gregory of Nazianzus, also called “the Theologian,”

entrusts this summary of Trinitarian faith to the catechumens of

Constantinople:

Above all guard for me this great deposit of faith for which

I live and fight, which I want to take withme as a companion,

and which makes me bear all evils and despise all pleasures:

I mean the profession of faith in the Father and the Son and

the Holy Spirit. I entrust it to you today. By it I am soon going

to plunge you into water and raise you up from it. I give it

to you as the companion and patron of your whole life. I give

84 Council of Toledo XI (675): DS 530:26.

85 Lateran Council IV (1215): DS 804.

86

Fides Damasi:

DS 71.

87 Council of Toledo XI (675): DS 530:25.

88 Lateran Council IV (1215): DS 804.

89 Council of Toledo XI (675): DS 528.

90 Council of Florence (1442): DS 1330.

91 Council of Florence (1442): DS 1331.

590

468, 689

240

236, 684

84