When the Church prays “our Father who art in heaven,”
she is professing that we are the People of God, already seated
“with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus” and “hidden with
Christ in God;”
yet at the same time, “here indeed we groan, and
long to put on our heavenly dwelling.”
[Christians] are in the flesh, but do not live according to the
flesh. They spend their lives on earth, but are citizens of
Simple and faithful trust, humble and joyous assur
ance are the proper dispositions for one who prays the
We can invoke God as “Father” because the Son of
God made man has revealed him to us. In this Son,
through Baptism, we are incorporated and adopted
as sons of God.
The Lord’s Prayer brings us into communion with
the Father and with his Son, Jesus Christ. At the same
time it reveals us to ourselves (cf.
22 § 1).
Praying to our Father should develop in us the will to
become like him and foster in us a humble and trusting
When we say “Our” Father, we are invoking the new
covenant in Jesus Christ, communion with the Holy
Trinity, and the divine love which spreads through the
Church to encompass the world.
“Who art in heaven” does not refer to a place but to
God’s majesty and his presence in the hearts of the
just. Heaven, the Father’s house, is the true homeland
toward which we are heading and to which, already,
5: PG 2, 1173.