their retribution is ordained for the end of the world. Indeed,
as soon as possible, Lord, may your kingdom come!
In the Lord’s Prayer, “thy kingdom come” refers primarily
to the final coming of the reign of God through Christ’s return.
But, far from distracting the Church from her mission in this
present world, this desire commits her to it all the more strongly.
Since Pentecost, the coming of that Reign is the work of the Spirit
of the Lord so that, “bringing to perfection his work in the world,
he might sanctify creation to the full.”
“The kingdom of God [is] righteousness and peace and joy
in the Holy Spirit.”
The end-time in which we live is the age of
the outpouring of the Spirit. Ever since Pentecost, a decisive battle
has been joined between “the flesh” and the Spirit.
Only a pure soul can boldly say: “Thy kingdom come.” One
who has heard Paul say, “Let not sin therefore reign in your
mortal bodies,” and has purified himself in action, thought,
and word will say to God: “Thy kingdom come!”
By a discernment according to the Spirit, Christians have
to distinguish between the growth of the Reign of God and the
progress of the culture and society in which they are involved. This
distinction is not a separation. Man’s vocation to eternal life does
not suppress, but actually reinforces, his duty to put into action in
this world the energies and means received from the Creator to
serve justice and peace.
This petition is taken up and granted in the prayer
which is present and effective in the Eucharist; it bears its fruit in
new life in keeping with the Beatitudes.
5: PL 1, 1159A; cf.
Eucharistic Prayer IV, 117.
92 St. Cyril of Jerusalem,
5, 13: PG 33, 1120A; cf.
22; 32; 39; 45;
5:13-16; 6:24; 7:12-13.