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76

Part One

II.

C

reation

—W

ork of

the

H

oly

T

rinity

290

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the

earth”:

128

three things are affirmed in these first words of Scripture:

the eternal God gave a beginning to all that exists outside of

himself; he alone is Creator (the verb “create”—Hebrew

bara

—​

always has God for its subject). The totality of what exists (ex-

pressed by the formula “the heavens and the earth”) depends on

the One who gives it being.

291

“In the beginning was the Word . . . and the Word was God

. . . all things were made through him, and without him was not

anything made that was made.”

129

The New Testament reveals

that God created everything by the eternal Word, his beloved Son.

In him “all things were created, in heaven and on earth . . . all things

were created through him and for him. He is before all things, and

in him all things hold together.”

130

The Church’s faith likewise

confesses the creative action of the Holy Spirit, the “giver of life,”

“the Creator Spirit” (“

Veni, Creator Spiritus

”), the “source of every

good.”

131

292

The Old Testament suggests and the New Covenant re-

veals the creative action of the Son and the Spirit,

132

inseparably

one with that of the Father. This creative cooperation is clearly

affirmed in the Church’s rule of faith: “There exists but one God . . .​

he is the Father, God, the Creator, the author, the giver of order. He

made all things

by himself,

that is, by his Word and by his Wisdom,”

“by the Son and the Spirit” who, so to speak, are “his hands.”

133

Creation is the common work of the Holy Trinity.

III.

“T

he

W

orld

W

as

C

reated

for

the

G

lory of

G

od

293

Scripture and Tradition never cease to teach and celebrate

this fundamental truth: “The world was made for the glory of

God.”

134

St. Bonaventure explains that God created all things “not

to increase his glory, but to show it forth and to communicate it,”

135

128

Gen

1:1.

129

Jn

1:1-3.

130

Col

1:16-17.

131 Cf. Nicene Creed; DS 150; Hymn “

Veni, Creator Spiritus

”; Byzantine

Troparion of Pentecost vespers, “

O heavenly King, Consoler.

132 Cf.

Ps

33:6; 104:30;

Gen

1:2-3.

133 St. Irenaeus,

Adv. haeres

2, 30, 9; 4, 20, 1: PG 7/1, 822, 1032.

134

Dei Filius,

can. § 5: DS 3025.

135 St. Bonaventure,

In II Sent.

I, 2, 2, 1.

326

241

331

703

699

257

337, 344

1361