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A less common

synonym for sloth, one of the

seven “capital” sins (1866).




A liturgical minister

appointed to assist at liturgical

celebrations. Priests and deacons

receive this ministry before they

are ordained. Lay men may be

installed permanently in the

ministry of acolyte through a rite

of institution and blessing (903,



According to the creation

story in Genesis, the first man.

From this story the Church

has learned that humanity was

originally created in a state of

holiness and justice and that

the first ancestors of the human

race lost this state for themselves

and all humanity by their sin

(“original sin”). Christ is called

the “second” or “new Adam”

because he ushered in the new

creation by forgiving sin and

restoring humanity to the grace of

God’s friendship lost by original

sin (359, 375, 388, 390, 402-404,

504; cf. 635, 655).


The acknowl-

edgment of God as God, Creator

and Savior, the Lord and Master

of everything that exists. Through

worship and prayer, the Church

and individual persons give to

God the adoration which is the

first act of the virtue of religion.

The first commandment of the

law obliges us to adore God (2096,

2628; cf. 1083).


Marital infidelity,

or sexual relations between two

partners, at least one of whom

is married to another party. The

sixth commandment and the

New Testament forbid adultery

absolutely (2380; cf. 1650).


The liturgical season of

four weeks devoted to preparation

for the coming of Christ at

Christmas (524).


Money or goods

given to the poor as an act of

penance or fraternal charity.

Almsgiving, together with prayer

and fasting, are traditionally

recommended to foster the state

of interior penance (1434; cf. 1969,



The center and focal

point of a church, where the

sacrifice of Christ on the cross is

made present under sacramental

signs in the Mass. Among the

Israelites the altar was the place

where sacrifices were offered

to God. The Christian altar

represents two aspects of the

mystery of the Eucharist, as the

altar of sacrifice where Christ as

the sacrificial victim offers himself

for our sins and as the table of the

Lord where Christ gives himself

to us as food from heaven (1182,



AHebrew word meaning

“truly; it is so; let it be done,”

signifying agreement with what

has been said. The prayers of

the New Testament and of the

Church’s liturgy, and the Creeds,

conclude with “amen.” Jesus used

the word to introduce solemn

assertions, to emphasize their

trustworthiness and authority

(1061, 1345, 1396, 2856, 2865).



coherence of the truths of the faith

among themselves and within the

whole plan of Revelation (114).