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866

Glossary

ANAMNESIS:

The

“remembrance” of God’s saving

deeds in history in the liturgical

action of the Church, which

inspires thanksgiving and

praise (1103). Every Eucharistic

Prayer contains an anamnesis or

memorial in which the Church

calls to mind the Passion,

Resurrection, and glorious return

of Christ Jesus (1354, 1362).

ANAPHORA:

The Eucharistic

Prayer—the prayer of

thanksgiving and consecration—

which is the heart and summit of

the celebration of the Mass (1352).

ANGEL:

A spiritual, personal,

and immortal creature, with

intelligence and free will, who

glorifies God without ceasing and

who serves God as a messenger

of his saving plan (329-331).

See

Guardian Angels.

ANGER:

An emotion which is not

in itself wrong, but which, when

it is not controlled by reason or

hardens into resentment and hate,

becomes one of the seven capital

sins. Christ taught that anger

is an offense against the fifth

commandment (1765, 1866, 2262).

ANNUNCIATION:

The visit of

the angel Gabriel to the virgin

Mary to inform her that she was

to be the mother of the Savior.

After giving her consent to God’s

word, Mary became the mother

of Jesus by the power of the Holy

Spirit (484, 494).

ANOINTING:

A symbol of the

Holy Spirit, whose “anointing”

of Jesus as Messiah fulfilled the

prophecies of the Old Testament.

Christ (in Hebrew

Messiah

)

means the one “anointed” by

the Holy Spirit. Anointing is the

sacramental sign of Confirmation,

called Chrismation in the

Churches of the East. Anointings

form part of the liturgical rites

of the catechumenate, and of the

Sacraments of Baptism and Holy

Orders (695).

See

Christ.

ANOINTING OF THE SICK:

One of the seven sacraments, also

known as the “sacrament of the

dying,” administered by a priest

to a baptized person who begins

to be in danger of death because

of illness or old age, through

prayer and the anointing of the

body with the oil of the sick. The

proper effects of the sacrament

include a special grace of healing

and comfort to the Christian

who is suffering the infirmities

of serious illness or old age, and

the forgiving of the person’s sins

(1499, 1520, 1523, 1526-1532).

ANTICHRIST:

The “deceitful

one” referred to in the New

Testament, associated with the

“mystery of iniquity” which will

precede the second coming of

Christ, through which people

will be led away from the truth to

follow a false “messianism,” by

which man glorifies himself and

human achievement in place of

God and his Messiah come in the

flesh, in whom the kingdom will

be fulfilled (675-677).

APOSTASY:

The total repudiation

of the Christian faith (2089; cf.

817).

APOSTLE:

A term meaning one

who is

sent

as Jesus was sent by

the Father, and as he sent his

chosen disciples to preach the

Gospel to the whole world. He

called the Twelve to become his

Apostles, chosen witnesses of his

Resurrection and the foundation

on which the Church is built (857).