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868

Glossary

BEATITUDE:

Happiness or

blessedness, especially the eternal

happiness of heaven, which is

described as the vision of God, or

entering into God’s rest by those

whom He makes “partakers of the

divine nature” (1024, 1721).

BEATITUDES:

The teachings

of Jesus in the Sermon on the

Mount on the meaning and way

to true happiness (cf.

Mt

5:1-12;

Lk

6:20-23). These teachings reflect

the promises made to the chosen

people since Abraham; they

portray the countenance of Christ

and describe his charity. More-

over, by shedding light on the

actions and attitudes characteristic

of the Christian life, they describe

the vocation of all the faithful

(1716).

BIBLE:

Sacred Scripture: the

books which contain the truth

of God’s Revelation and were

composed by human authors

inspired by the Holy Spirit (105).

The Bible contains both the forty-

six books of the Old Testament

and the twenty-seven books of

the New Testament (120).

See

Old

Testament; New Testament.

BIBLICAL INSPIRATION:

The

gift of the Holy Spirit which

assisted a human author to write a

biblical book so that it has God as

its author and teaches faithfully,

without error, the saving truth

that God has willed to be

consigned to us (105).

BISHOP:

One who has received

the fullness of the Sacrament of

Holy Orders, which makes him a

member of the episcopal college

and a successor of the Apostles.

He is the shepherd of a particular

church entrusted to him (1557; cf.

861, 886).

BLASPHEMY:

Speech, thought,

or action involving contempt for

God or the Church, or persons

or things dedicated to God.

Blasphemy is directly opposed to

the second commandment (2148).

BLESSED SACRAMENT:

A

name given to the Holy Eucharist,

especially the consecrated

elements reserved in the

tabernacle for adoration, or for the

sick (1330).

BLESSING:

A blessing or

benediction is a prayer invoking

God’s power and care upon

some person, place, thing, or

undertaking. The prayer of

benediction acknowledges God

as the source of all blessing. Some

blessings confer a permanent

status: consecration of persons to

God, or setting things apart for

liturgical usage (1671, 2626).

BODY OF CHRIST:

(1) The

human body which the Son

of God assumed through his

conception in the womb of Mary

and which is now glorified in

heaven (467, 476, 645). (2) This

same Body and Blood, together

with the soul and divinity,

of our Lord Jesus Christ are

sacramentally present in the

Eucharist under the appearances

of bread and wine (1374). (3) The

Church is called the (mystical)

Body of Christ because of the

intimate communion which Jesus

shares with his disciples; the

metaphor of a body, whose head

is Christ and whose members are

the faithful, provides an image

which keeps in focus both the

unity and the diversity of the

Church (787, 790, 1396).