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Glossary

871

CHRISTIAN:

A name derived

from that of Christ himself. The

name refers to all those who have

been anointed through the gift

of the Holy Spirit in Baptism;

hence, the followers of Christ, the

members of the Christian Church.

According to Acts 11:26 “it was

in Antioch that the disciples were

first called Christians” (1289).

CHRISTMAS:

The feast of the

Nativity, the birth of Jesus (1171).

CHURCH:

The name given the

“convocation” or “assembly”

of the People God has called

together from “the ends of

the earth.” In Christian usage,

the word “Church” has three

inseparable meanings: the People

that God gathers in the whole

world; the particular or local

church (diocese); and the liturgical

(above all Eucharistic) assembly.

The Church draws her life from

the Word and the Body of Christ,

and so herself becomes Christ’s

Body (752). In the Creed, the sole

Church of Christ is professed to be

one, holy, catholic, and apostolic

(811).

CIRCUMCISION:

The rite

prescribed in Judaism and

other cultures which involves

cutting off the foreskin of a male.

Circumcision was a sign of the

covenant between God and his

people Israel and prefigured

the rite of Christian initiation in

Baptism. Jesus was circumcised

eight days after his birth in accord

with Jewish law (527).

COLLEGIALITY:

The principle

that all the bishops of the Church

with the Pope at their head form

a single “college,” which succeeds

in every generation the “college”

of the Twelve Apostles, with

Peter at their head, which Christ

instituted as the foundation of the

Church. This college of bishops

together with, but never without,

the Pope has supreme and full

authority over the universal

Church (861, 880, 883).

COMMANDMENT:

A norm

of moral and/or religious

action; above all, the

Ten

Commandments

given by God to

Moses. Jesus summarized all the

commandments in the twofold

command of love of God and love

of neighbor (2052).

COMMANDMENTS OF THE

CHURCH:

See

Precepts of the

Church.

COMMUNION:

Holy

Communion, the reception of the

Body and Blood of Christ in the

Eucharist (1382). More generally,

our fellowship and union

with Jesus and other baptized

Christians in the Church, which

has its source and summit in the

celebration of the Eucharist. In

this sense, Church as communion

is the deepest vocation of the

Church (959).

COMMUNION OF SAINTS:

The unity in Christ of all the

redeemed, those on earth and

those who have died. The

communion of saints is professed

in the Apostles’ Creed, where

it has also been interpreted to

refer to unity in the “holy things”

(

communio sanctorum

), especially

the unity of faith and charity

achieved through participation in

the Eucharist (948, 957, 960, 1474).

CONCUPISCENCE:

Human

appetites or desires which remain

disordered due to the temporal

consequences of original sin,

which remain even after Baptism,