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Glossary

875

DISCIPLE:

Those who accepted

Jesus’ message to follow him

are called his disciples. Jesus

associated his disciples with his

own life, revealed the mystery of

the Kingdom to the disciples and

gave them a share in his mission,

his joy, and his sufferings (767,

787).

DIVINE OFFICE:

The Liturgy of

the Hours, the public prayer of the

Church which sanctifies the whole

course of the day and night. Christ

thus continues his priestly work

through the prayer of his priestly

people (1174).

DIVORCE:

The claim that the

indissoluble marriage bond

validly entered into between a

man and a woman is broken. A

civil dissolution of the marriage

contract (divorce) does not free

persons from a valid marriage

before God; remarriage would not

be morally licit (2382; cf. 1650).

DOCTRINE/DOGMA:

The

revealed teachings of Christ

which are proclaimed by the

fullest extent of the exercise of

the authority of the Church’s

Magisterium. The faithful are

obliged to believe the truths

or dogmas contained in divine

Revelation and defined by the

Magisterium (88).

DOXOLOGY:

Christian prayer

which gives praise and glory to

God, often in a special way to the

three divine persons of the Trinity.

Liturgical prayers traditionally

conclude with the doxology “to

the Father, through the Son, in the

Holy Spirit”; the final doxology

of the Lord’s Prayer renews the

prayer’s first three petitions in

the form of adoration and praise

(2639, 2855).

-E-

EASTER:

The greatest and

oldest Christian feast, which

celebrates Christ’s Resurrection

from the dead. Easter is the

“feast of feasts,” the solemnity

of solemnities, the “Great

Sunday.” Christians prepare for

it during Lent and Holy Week,

and catechumens usually receive

the Sacraments of Christian

Initiation (Baptism, Confirmation,

Eucharist) at the Easter Vigil (1169;

cf. 647).

EASTERN CHURCHES:

Churches of the East in union

with Rome (the Western Church),

but not of Roman rite, with

their own liturgical, theological,

and administrative traditions,

such as those of the Byzantine,

Alexandrian or Coptic, Syriac,

Armenian, Maronite, and

Chaldean rites. The variety of

particular churches with dis-

tinctive traditions witnesses to the

catholicity of the one Church of

Christ, which takes root in distinct

cultures (1202-1203; cf. 835).

ECCLESIASTIC/

ECCLESIASTICAL:

Pertaining

to or of the Church (Greek/Latin:

ecclesia

). Hence ecclesiastical

government is church government

(857); an ecclesiastical province is

a grouping of church jurisdictions

or dioceses (887); an ecclesiastic is

a church official.

ECONOMY:

The structure and

organization of productive work

or activity in a society, forming

the basis for financial support

and stability of individuals,

families, and society. The

morality of economic activity is

judged according to the seventh

commandment; economic activity

is one of the principal points