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876

Glossary

addressed by the Church’s social

doctrine (2426, 2430).

ECONOMY OF SALVATION

(DIVINE ECONOMY):

From a

Greek word (

oikonomia,

literally

“management of a household”

or “stewardship”) which

refers to God’s revelation and

communication of himself to the

world in time for the sake of the

salvation of all humanity; hence,

the economy of salvation (258,

1066). The Fathers of the Church

distinguished

oikonomia

from

theologia

; the latter term refers to

the mystery of the internal life of

the Trinity (236). The economy of

salvation, on the other hand, refers

to God’s activity in creating and

governing the world, particularly

with regard to his plan for the

salvation of the world in the

person and work of Jesus Christ, a

plan which is being accomplished

through his Body the Church, in

its life and sacraments; hence, the

“sacramental economy” (1076,

1093).

ECUMENICAL COUNCIL:

See

Council, Ecumenical.

ECUMENISM:

Promotion of

the restoration of unity among

all Christians, the unity which

is a gift of Christ and to which

the Church is called by the Holy

Spirit. For the Catholic Church,

the Decree on Ecumenism of the

Second Vatican Council provides a

charter for ecumenical efforts (816,

820-822).

ENCYCLICAL:

A pastoral letter

written by the Pope and sent to

the whole Church and even to the

whole world, to express Church

teaching on some important

matter. Encyclicals are expressions

of the ordinary papal magisterium

(cf. 892).

ENVY:

Resentment or sadness

at another’s good fortune, and

the desire to have it for oneself.

One of the seven capital sins,

envy is contrary to the tenth

commandment (2539).

EPARCHY:

See

Diocese.

EPICLESIS:

The prayer

petitioning God to send the Holy

Spirit so that the offerings at

the Eucharist may become the

Body and Blood of Christ and

thus the faithful, by receiving

them, may themselves become a

living offering to God. In every

sacrament, the prayer asking for

the sanctifying power of God’s

Holy Spirit is an “epiclesis” (1105,

1127).

EPIPHANY:

The feast which

celebrates the

manifestation

to

the world of the newborn Christ

as Messiah, Son of God, and

Savior of the world. The feast of

Epiphany celebrates the adoration

of Jesus by the wise men (

magi

)

from the East, together with his

baptism in the Jordan and the

wedding feast of Cana in Galilee

(528; cf. 535).

EPISCOPAL/EPISCOPATE:

Pertaining to the office of bishop

(Greek:

episkopos

), hence episcopal

consecration, the episcopal

college, episcopal conferences

(883, 887, 1557). “Episcopate”

is a collective noun referring

to all those who have received

sacramental ordination as bishops.

EREMITICAL LIFE:

The life of a

hermit, separate from the world in

praise of God and for the salvation

of the world, in the silence of

solitude, assiduous prayer, and

penance (920).