Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  877 / 904 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 877 / 904 Next Page
Page Background

Glossary

877

ESCHATOLOGY:

From the

Greek word

eschaton,

meaning

“last.” Eschatology refers to the

area of Christian faith which is

concerned about “the last things,”

and the coming of Jesus on “the

last day”: our human destiny,

death, judgment, resurrection of

the body, heaven, purgatory, and

hell—all of which are contained

in the final articles of the Creed

(1001, 1020-1050; cf. 2771).

ETERNAL LIFE:

Living forever

with God in the happiness of

heaven, entered after death by

the souls of those who die in the

grace and friendship of God (988,

1020). In preaching the kingdom

of heaven, Jesus called all people

to eternal life, which is anticipated

in the grace of union with Christ:

“This is eternal life, that they may

know you, the only true God, and

Jesus Christ whom you have sent”

(

Jn

17:3).

EUCHARIST:

The ritual,

sacramental action of

thanksgiving to God which

constitutes the principal Christian

liturgical celebration of and

communion in the paschal

mystery of Christ. The liturgical

action called the Eucharist is

also traditionally known as the

Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. It is

one of the seven sacraments of

the Church; the Holy Eucharist

completes Christian initiation

(1322 ff.). The Sunday celebration

of the Eucharist is at the heart of

the Church’s life (2177).

See

Mass.

EUCHARISTIC PRAYER:

See

Canon of the Mass.

EUTHANASIA:

An action or

an omission which, of itself or

by intention, causes the death

of handicapped, sick, or dying

persons—sometimes with an

attempt to justify the act as a

means of eliminating suffering.

Euthanasia violates the fifth

commandment of the law of God

(2277).

EVANGELICAL COUNSELS:

In general, the teachings of the

New Law proposed by Jesus to

his disciples which lead to the

perfection of Christian life. In

the New Law, the precepts are

intended to remove whatever

is incompatible with charity;

the evangelical counsels are to

remove whatever might hinder

the development of charity,

even if not contrary to it (1973).

The public profession of the

evangelical counsels of poverty,

chastity, and obedience is a

constitutive element of state of

consecrated life in the Church

(915).

EVANGELIST:

One of the four

authors to whom is ascribed

the writing of the Gospels, i.e.,

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

(125, 120). The term is also used

for one who works actively to

spread and promote the Christian

faith.

EVANGELIZATION:

The

proclamation of Christ and his

Gospel (Greek:

evangelion

) by

word and the testimony of life, in

fulfillment of Christ’s command

(905; cf. 861).

EVE:

According to the creation

story in Genesis, the first woman;

wife of Adam. God did not create

man a solitary being; from the

beginning, “male and female he

created them” (

Gen

1:29) (369,

375). Because she is the mother of

the eternal Son of God made man,

Jesus Christ the “new Adam,”

Mary is called the “new Eve,” the