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truth that God has revealed. It is

this revelation of God which the

Church proposes for our belief,

and which we profess in the

Creed, celebrate in the sacraments,

live by right conduct that fulfills

the twofold commandment of

charity (as specified in the ten

commandments), and respond

to in our prayer of faith. Faith is

both a theological virtue given by

God as grace, and an obligation

which flows from the first

commandment of God (26, 142,

150, 1814, 2087).


Those who have been

incorporated into Christ in

Baptism and constituted as the

people of God, the Church (871).

The term “lay faithful” refers to

the laity, all the faithful except

those in Holy Orders and those

who belong to a religious state

approved by the Church (897).


(1) Biblical revelation

about the reality of sin in human

history. The Biblical story begins

with the original sin freely

committed by the first human

beings. This primeval event is

narrated in figurative language

in the Book of Genesis, which

describes this sin as a “fall” from

God’s friendship and grace,

which they had received from

God not only for themselves but

for the whole human race (388,

390). (2) In the “fall” of angels,

Scripture and Church tradition see

the emergence of Satan and the

“devil”; the “fall” of these angelic

spirits was due to their freely

chosen rejection of God and His

reign (391-392).


Refraining from food

and drink as an expression of

interior penance, in imitation

of the fast of Jesus for forty

days in the desert. Fasting is an

ascetical practice recommended in

Scripture and the writings of the

Church Fathers; it is sometimes

prescribed by a precept of the

Church, especially during the

liturgical season of Lent (538,

1434, 2043).


God, the

first Person of the Blessed Trinity.

Jesus revealed that God is Father

in a unique way: not only as

Creator, the origin of all things,

but also as eternal Father in his

relationship to his only Son, who

is eternally begotten of the Father

and consubstantial with the Father

(240, 242).


Church teachers and writers of the

early centuries whose teachings

are a witness to the Tradition of

the Church (78, 688).


One of

the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

which ensures our awe and

reverence before God (1831).


The annual

cycle of liturgical celebrations

commemorating the saving

mysteries of Christ’s life, as

a participation in the Paschal

Mystery, which is celebrated

annually at Easter, the

“Feast of feasts.” Feast days

commemorating Mary, the Mother

of God, and the saints are also

celebrated, providing the faithful

with examples of those who have

been glorified with Christ (1169,



Aword meaning

“and (from) the Son,” added to

the Latin version of the Niceno-

Constantinopolitan Creed, by

which the Latin tradition of the

Creed confesses that the Holy