existent beings, all of nature, and all human history are rooted in
this primordial event, the very genesis by which the world was
constituted and time begun.
Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfec
For each one of the works of the “six days” it is said: “And
God saw that it was good.” “By the very nature of creation, material
being is endowed with its own stability, truth, and excellence, its
own order and laws.”
Each of the various creatures, willed in its
own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God’s infinite wisdom
and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness
of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which
would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous
consequences for human beings and their environment.
God wills the
interdependence of creatures.
The sun and the
moon, the cedar and the little flower, the eagle and the sparrow:
the spectacle of their countless diversities and inequalities tells us
that no creature is self-sufficient. Creatures exist only in depend
ence on each other, to complete each other, in the service of each
beauty of the universe:
The order and harmony of the
created world results from the diversity of beings and from the
relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them pro-
gressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of
scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the
Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man’s
intellect and will.
hierarchy of creatures
is expressed by the order of the
“six days,” from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all
and takes care of each one, even the sparrow.
Nevertheless, Jesus said: “You are of more value than many spar-
rows,” or again: “Of how much more value is a man than a
Man is the summit
of the Creator’s work, as the inspired
account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man
from that of the other creatures.
207 Cf. St. Augustine,
De Genesi contra Man.
1, 2, 4: PL 34, 175.
36 § 1.