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880

Glossary

Spirit “proceeds from the Father

and the Son

” (246).

FORNICATION:

Sexual

intercourse between an unmarried

man and an unmarried woman.

Fornication is a serious violation

of the sixth commandment of God

(2353).

FORTITUDE:

One of the four

cardinal moral virtues which

ensures firmness in difficulties

and constancy in doing the good

(1808). Fortitude (sometimes

called strength, courage, or might)

is also one of the seven gifts of the

Holy Spirit (1299; cf. 712).

FRUITS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT:

The perfections that the Holy

Spirit forms in us as the “first

fruits” of eternal glory. The

tradition of the Church identifies

twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit

(1832).

-G-

GENERAL CONFESSION AND

ABSOLUTION:

A communal

form of the Sacrament of Penance

in which, in a case of grave

necessity, a priest may give

absolution to all persons present

at one time, after they have made

a general, but not individual,

confession of their sins. For

the absolution to be valid, the

faithful must have the intention of

individually confessing their sins

in their next individual reception

of the Sacrament of Penance

(1483).

GENESIS:

The first book of

the Bible, which describes

God’s creation of the world and

humanity, and the drama of sin

and the hope for salvation (120; cf.

289, 337, 355).

GENUFLECTION:

A reverence

made by bending the knee,

especially to express adoration of

the Blessed Sacrament (1378).

GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT:

Permanent dispositions that

make us docile to follow the

promptings of the Holy Spirit.

The traditional list of seven gifts

of the Spirit is derived from Isaiah

11:1-3: wisdom, understanding,

knowledge, counsel, piety,

fortitude, and fear of the Lord

(1830).

GLUTTONY:

Overindulgence in

food or drink. Gluttony is one of

the seven capital sins (1866).

GOD:

The infinite divine being,

one in being yet three Persons:

Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. God

has revealed himself as the “One

who is,” as truth and love, as

creator of all that is, as the author

of divine revelation, and as the

source of salvation (198, 279).

GODPARENT:

The sponsor of

one who is baptized, who assumes

a responsibility to assist the

newly-baptized—child or adult—

on the road of Christian life (1255).

GOSPEL:

The “good news” of

God’s mercy and love revealed in

the life, death, and resurrection

of Christ. It is this

Gospel

or good

news that the Apostles, and the

Church following them, are to

proclaim to the entire world

(571, 1964). The

Gospel

is handed

on in the apostolic tradition of

the Church as the source of all-

saving truth and moral discipline

(75). The four

Gospels

are the

books written by the evangelists

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

which have for their central object

Jesus Christ, God’s incarnate Son:

his life, teachings, Passion and