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882

Glossary

Christian faith, the mystery of the

Holy Trinity (90, 234).

HOLY DAYS OF OBLIGATION:

Principal feast days on which, in

addition to Sundays, Catholics

are obliged by Church law to

participate in the Eucharist; a

precept of the Church (2043, 2180).

HOLY ORDERS:

See

Orders, Holy

HOLY SEE:

The seat of the central

administration of the worldwide

Catholic Church; the name is

taken from the seat or diocese of

the Pope, Bishop of Rome and

successor of St. Peter as Vicar of

Christ and pastor of the universal

Church (cf. 882).

HOLY SPIRIT:

The third divine

Person of the Blessed Trinity, the

personal love of Father and Son

for each other. Also called the

Paraclete (Advocate) and Spirit of

Truth, the Holy Spirit is at work

with the Father and the Son from

the beginning to the completion of

the divine plan for our salvation

(685; cf. 152, 243).

HOLY WATER:

Blessed water, a

sacramental whose sprinkling or

use is a reminder of Baptism and a

means of sanctification (1668).

HOLY WEEK:

The week

preceding Easter, beginning with

Palm (Passion) Sunday, called the

“Great Week” in the liturgies of

the Eastern Churches. It marks the

Church’s annual celebration of the

events of Christ’s Passion, death,

and Resurrection, culminating in

the Paschal Mystery (1169).

HOMILY:

Preaching by an

ordained minister to explain

the Scriptures proclaimed in the

liturgy and to exhort the people to

accept them as the Word of God

(132, 1100, 1349).

HOMOSEXUALITY:

Sexual

attraction or orientation toward

persons of the same sex and/or

sexual acts between persons of

the same sex. Homosexual acts

are morally wrong because they

violate God’s purpose for human

sexual activity (2357).

HOPE:

The theological virtue by

which we desire and expect from

God both eternal life and the grace

we need to attain it (1817).

HUMILITY:

The virtue by which

a Christian acknowledges that

God is the author of all good.

Humility avoids inordinate

ambition or pride, and provides

the foundation for turning to

God in prayer (2559). Voluntary

humility can be described as

“poverty of spirit” (2546).

HYMN:

Sacred poetry set to

music and meant to raise the

hearts of Christian people to

God, especially during liturgical

services (1156).

HYPOSTATIC UNION:

The

union of the divine and human

natures in the one divine Person

(Greek:

hypostasis

) of the Son of

God, Jesus Christ (252, 468).

-I-

ICON:

Religious painting

traditional among many Eastern

Christians. Christian iconography

expresses in images the same

Gospel message that Scripture

communicates by words (1160).

ICONOCLASM:

A heresy which

maintained that veneration of

religious images is unlawful.

Iconoclasm was condemned as