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unfaithful to Christian tradition at

the Second Ecumenical Council of

Nicaea in 787 a.d. (2131).


The divinization of

a creature in place of God; the

substitution of some one (or thing)

for God; worshiping a creature

(even money, pleasure, or power)

instead of the Creator (2112).


The dogma proclaimed in

Christian Tradition and defined in

1854, that from the first moment

of her conception, Mary—by

the singular grace of God and

by virtue of the merits of Jesus

Christ—was preserved immune

from original sin (491).


The quality of

the spiritual human soul whereby

it survives the death of the body

and remains in existence without

end, to be reunited with the body

at the final resurrection (366).


An obstacle that

makes a person ineligible for

performing an act or receiving a

sacrament, e.g., Holy Orders or

Matrimony (cf. 1635).


The fact that

the Son of God assumed human

nature and became man in order

to accomplish our salvation in that

same human nature. Jesus Christ,

the Son of God, the second Person

of the Trinity, is both true God and

true man, not part God and part

man (461, 464).


The willful

refusal to assent to revealed truth,

or even the neglect of this truth



The remission

before God of the temporal

punishment due to sin whose

guilt has already been forgiven.

A properly disposed member of

the Christian faithful can obtain

an indulgence under prescribed

conditions through the help of the

Church which, as the minister of

redemption, dispenses and applies

with authority the treasury of the

satisfactions of Christ and the

saints. An indulgence is partial if

it removes part of the temporal

punishment due to sin, or plenary

if it removes all punishment



The attribute of the

books of Scripture whereby they

faithfully and without error teach

that truth which God, for the

sake of our salvation, wished to

have confided through the Sacred

Scriptures (107).


The gift of the

Holy Spirit to the Church whereby

the pastors of the Church, the

pope and bishops in union with

him, can definitively proclaim a

doctrine of faith or morals for the

belief of the faithful (891). This

gift is related to the inability of the

whole body of the faithful to err in

matters of faith and morals (92).



foundations of every Christian life

laid by the Sacraments of Baptism,

Confirmation, and Eucharist. The

process by which a non-baptized

person is prepared to become

a full member of the Church is

called the catechumenate, which

was restored in the Latin Church

by the Second Vatican Council,

and whose distinct stages and

rites are found in the

Rite of

Christian Initiation of Adults