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884

Glossary

INSPIRATION:

See

Biblical

Inspiration.

INSTITUTE, RELIGIOUS:

A society whose members, in

accord with Church law, live a life

consecrated to Christ and shared

with one another by the public

profession of the evangelical

counsels of poverty, chastity, and

obedience (925).

See

Consecrated

Life.

INSTITUTE, SECULAR:

A

form of consecrated life in

which the Christian faithful

living in the world strive for the

perfection of charity and work

for the sanctification of the world

especially from within (928).

INTERCESSION:

A form of

prayer of petition on behalf of

others. The prayer of intercession

leads us to pray as Christ, our

unique Intercessor, prayed (2634).

INTERCOMMUNION:

Participation or sharing in the

reception of the Eucharist or Holy

Communion by Christians who

are not fully united to or in full

communion with the Catholic

Church (1398).

IRRELIGION:

A vice contrary

by defect to the virtue of religion.

Irreligion directs us away from

rendering to God what we as

creatures owe him in justice (2095,

2110).

ISRAEL:

The Jewish people,

chosen by God to be his people

and named after Israel (Jacob),

from whose twelve sons the tribes

of Israel descend. God formed

Israel into his priestly people in

their exodus from the slavery of

Egypt, when he made the first or

Old Covenant with them and gave

them his Law through Moses (62).

-J-

JESUS CHRIST:

The eternal Son

of God, who was born of the

Virgin Mary, suffered crucifixion

and death, rose from the dead

and ascended into heaven, and

will come again in glory to judge

the living and the dead. “Jesus,”

which means “God saves” in

Hebrew, was the name given to

him at the Annunciation; “Christ”

is a title which comes from the

Greek translation of the Hebrew

Messiah

and means “anointed”

(184 f.; 430, 436; cf. 727).

JOHN THE BAPTIST:

The

immediate precursor or herald

of Jesus. John identified Jesus as

the Messianic Lamb of God and

baptized him in the Jordan River.

With prophetic power, John gave

witness to Jesus by his preaching,

by the baptism of conversion he

announced, and finally by his

martyrdom (523, 720).

JUDGMENT:

The eternal

retribution received by each

soul at the moment of death, in

accordance with that person’s

faith and works (“the particular

judgment”) (1021-1022). The “Last

Judgment” is God’s triumph

over the revolt of evil, after the

final cosmic upheaval of this

passing world. Preceded by the

resurrection of the dead, it will

coincide with the second coming

of Christ in glory at the end of

time, disclose good and evil, and

reveal the meaning of salvation

history and the providence of God

by which justice has triumphed

over evil (677-679, 1021, 1038).