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Glossary

885

JUDGMENT, RASH:

A fault

against the eighth commandment

committed by one who assumes

the moral fault of the neighbor

to be true without sufficient

foundation (2477).

JUSTICE:

The cardinal moral

virtue which consists in the

constant and firm will to give

their due to God and to neighbor

(1807).

Original

justice refers to

the state of holiness in which

God created our first parents

(375).

Commutative

justice, which

obliges respect for the rights of the

other, is required by the seventh

commandment; it is distinguished

from

legal

justice, which concerns

what the citizen owes to the

community, and

distributive

justice, which regulates what the

community owes its citizens in

proportion to their contributions

and needs (2411).

See

Social

Justice.

JUSTIFICATION:

The gracious

action of God which frees us

from sin and communicates “the

righteousness of God through

faith in Jesus Christ” (

Rom

3:22).

Justification is not only the

remission of sins, but also the

sanctification and renewal of the

interior man (1987-1989).

-K-

KINGDOM OF GOD (OF

HEAVEN):

The reign or rule of

God: “the kingdom of God is. . .

righteousness and peace and joy

in the Holy Spirit” (

Rom

14:17).

The Kingdom of God draws near

in the coming of the Incarnate

Word; it is announced in the

Gospel; it is the messianic King-

dom, present in the person of

Jesus, the Messiah; it remains in

our midst in the Eucharist. Christ

gave to his Apostles the work of

proclaiming the Kingdom, and

through the Holy Spirit forms his

people into a priestly kingdom,

the Church, in which the Kingdom

of God is mysteriously present,

for she is the seed and beginning

of the Kingdom on earth. In the

Lord’s Prayer (“Thy Kingdom

come”) we pray for its final

glorious appearance, when Christ

will hand over the Kingdom to

his Father (541-554, 709, 763, 2816,

2819).

-L-

LAITY:

The faithful who, having

been incorporated into Christ

through Baptism, are made part

of the people of God, the Church.

The laity participate in their own

way in the priestly, prophetic, and

kingly functions of Christ. Laity

are distinguished from clergy

(who have received Holy Orders)

and those in consecrated life (897).

LAST JUDGMENT:

See

Judgment.

LAST SUPPER:

The last meal,

a Passover supper, which Jesus

ate with his disciples the night

before he died. Jesus’ passing over

to his Father by his death and

Resurrection, the new Passover,

is anticipated in the Last Supper

and celebrated in the Eucharist,

which fulfills the Jewish Passover

and anticipates the final Passover

of the Church in the glory of the

kingdom. Hence the Eucharist is

called “the Lord’s Supper” (610-

611, 1329, 1340).

LATIN RITE:

The traditions of

liturgy, laws, and practice in the

Church in the West, as distinct

from the rites and practices of the

churches of the East (1203).