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886

Glossary

LAW, MORAL:

A rule of conduct

established by competent

authority for the common good.

In biblical terms, the

moral

law is

the fatherly instruction of God,

setting forth the ways which lead

to happiness and proscribing

those which lead to evil. The

divine

or eternal law can be either

natural

or revealed (

positive

).

Natural moral law is inscribed in

the heart, and known by human

reason. Revealed law is found in

the

ancient

law (Old Testament),

notably the ten commandments,

and in the

new

law (Law of the

Gospel), the teaching of Christ,

notably the Sermon on the Mount,

which perfects the ancient law

(1950-1974).

LECTIONARY/LECTOR:

The

official, liturgical book (

lectionary

)

from which the reader (

lector

)

proclaims the Scripture readings

used in the Liturgy of the Word

(1154).

LENT:

The liturgical season of

forty days which begins with Ash

Wednesday and ends with the

celebration of the Paschal Mystery

(Easter Triduum). Lent is the

primary penitential season in the

Church’s liturgical year, reflecting

the forty days Jesus spent in the

desert in fasting and prayer (540,

1095, 1438).

LIFE:

Both God’s gift of created

human life and His divine life

given to us as sanctifying grace.

Beyond its ordinary meaning of

human life, Jesus used “life” to

signify a share in his own

divine

Trinitarian existence, which

becomes possible for those who

respond to his invitation to turn

away from sin and open their

hearts to God’s abiding love.

Eternal

life signifies that this gift

will last forever in the blessedness

of heaven. This gift of God

begins with the “life” of faith

and “new life” of Baptism (1225),

is communicated in sanctifying

grace (1997), and reaches

perfection in the communion of

life and love with the Holy Trinity

in heaven (1023).

LITURGICAL YEAR:

The

celebration throughout the year of

the mysteries of the Lord’s birth,

life, death, and Resurrection in

such a way that the entire year

becomes a “year of the Lord’s

grace.” Thus the cycle of the

liturgical year and the great feasts

constitute the basic rhythm of the

Christian’s life of prayer, with its

focal point at Easter (1168).

LITURGY:

In its original

meaning, a “public work” or

service done in the name of or

on behalf of the people. Through

the liturgy Christ our High

Priest continues the work of our

redemption through the Church’s

celebration of the Paschal Mystery

by which he accomplished our

salvation (1067-1069).

LORD:

The Old Testament title for

God that in speaking or reading

aloud was always substituted for

the name that was revealed to

Moses and that was too holy to be

pronounced: Yahweh. The New

Testament uses this title both of

God the Father and—in a new

way—of Jesus, the incarnate Word

(209, 446).

LORD’S PRAYER:

The title

early Christians gave to the

prayer which Jesus entrusted to

his disciples and to the Church

(

Mt

6:9-13). This fundamental

Christian prayer is also called the