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Glossary

889

a turn away from God. For a sin

to be mortal, three conditions

must be present: grave matter, full

knowledge of the evil of the act,

and full consent of the will (1855,

1857).

MOSES:

The leader chosen by

God to lead the Israelites out

of their exile in Egypt. To him

God revealed the divine name

(Yahweh) and the law on Mount

Sinai (including the Decalogue),

by which he sealed the covenant

with his people Israel (62, 204).

As lawgiver, Moses was a type of

Christ, the lawgiver of the New

Law.

MYSTAGOGY:

A liturgical

catechesis which aims to initiate

people into the mystery of Christ.

In a more specific sense, the

catechetical period following

immediately after the reception of

Baptism by adults (1075).

-N-

NATURE:

The created order

(341). Human nature, though

wounded and weakened by the

effects of original sin, continues

to participate in the goodness

of God’s creative work (405).

Through the Incarnation the

second Person of the Trinity

assumed our human nature,

taking flesh in the womb of the

Virgin Mary (456). The divine

nature refers to the one divine

substance or essence; each of

the three distinct Persons of the

Trinity is entirely God, who is one

by the divine nature (253).

NEW COVENANT:

The

new “dispensation,” order or

Covenant, established by God

in Jesus Christ, to succeed and

perfect the Old Covenant (cf. 612,

839). The New Law or Law of the

Gospel is the perfection here on

earth of the divine law, natural

and revealed; this law of the New

Covenant is called a law of love,

grace, and freedom (1965-1972).

See

Covenant; Gospel, Law of the.

NEW TESTAMENT:

The twenty-

seven books of the Bible written

by the sacred authors in apostolic

times, which have Jesus Christ,

the incarnate Son of God—his

life, teachings, Passion and

glorification, and the beginnings

of his Church—as their central

theme. The promises and mighty

deeds of God in the old alliance

or covenant, reported in the Old

Testament, prefigure and are

fulfilled in the New Covenant

established by Jesus Christ,

reported in the sacred writings of

the New Testament (124, 128).

See

Bible; Covenant.

NICENE CREED:

The

profession of faith, common to

the churches of East and West,

which came from the first two

ecumenical councils (Nicaea and

Constantinople: 325 and 381 a.d.)

(195-196).

See

Creed.

NUPTIAL BLESSING:

Prayers

for the blessing of a couple being

married, especially of the bride

(1624).

-O-

OBEDIENCE:

(1) The submission

to the authority of God which

requires everyone to obey the

divine law. Obedience to the

Church is required in those things

which pertain to our salvation;

and obedience is due to legitimate

civil authority, which has its origin

in God for the sake of the common

good and the order of society

(1897). The fourth commandment

obliges children to obey their