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890

Glossary

parents (2216). (2)

Obedience

of faith

: The first obedience is

that of faith: to listen and freely

submit to the word of God (144).

(3)

Obedience of Christ

: Jesus Christ

substituted his obedience to

the will of his Father, even unto

death, for the disobedience of sin,

in order to bring us the grace of

justification and to satisfy for our

sins (615). (4)

Vow of obedience

:

In imitation of this obedience of

Jesus, as an evangelical counsel,

the faithful may profess a vow

of obedience; a public vow of

obedience, accepted by Church

authority, is one element that

characterizes the consecrated life

(915).

OIKONOMIA:

See

Economy.

OLD COVENANT:

The old

dispensation or order, which God

established with his chosen people

Israel, through the revelation

of the Law to Moses (1961).

See

Covenant.

OLD TESTAMENT:

The forty-

six books of the Bible, which

record the history of salvation

from creation through the old

alliance or covenant with Israel, in

preparation for the appearance of

Christ as Savior of the world (120-

121).

See

Bible; Covenant.

ORDERS, HOLY:

The Sacrament

of Apostolic Ministry by which the

mission entrusted by Christ to his

Apostles continues to be exercised

in the Church through the laying

on of hands. This sacrament has

three distinct degrees or “orders”:

deacon, priest, and bishop.

All three confer a permanent,

sacramental character (1536).

ORDERS, RELIGIOUS:

See

Consecrated Life; Institute,

Religious.

ORDINATION:

The rite of the

Sacrament of Holy Orders by

which the bishop, through the

imposition of hands and the

prayer of consecration, confers the

order of bishop, priest, or deacon

to exercise a sacred power which

comes from Christ on behalf of the

Church (1538).

ORIGINAL SIN:

The sin by

which the first human beings

disobeyed the commandment of

God, choosing to follow their own

will rather than God’s will. As a

consequence they lost the grace

of original holiness, and became

subject to the law of death; sin

became universally present in

the world. Besides the personal

sin of Adam and Eve, original sin

describes the fallen state of human

nature which affects every person

born into the world, and from

which Christ, the “new Adam,”

came to redeem us (396-412).

ORTHODOX CHURCHES:

Eastern Churches not in full

communion with the Catholic

Church. Christians of the

Orthodox Churches are separated

from the Catholic Church

(schism), yet are in an imperfect

but deep communion with the

Catholic Church by reason of our

common Baptism, the profession

of the Creed, and the possession

of true sacraments by reason of

the apostolic succession of their

priesthood (838, 1399).

OUR FATHER:

See

Lord’s Prayer.

OUR LADY:

See

Mary.