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892

Glossary

annual liturgical celebration of the

Paschal Mystery of Christ takes

place (560).

PASSIONS, MORAL:

The

emotions or dispositions which

incline us to good or evil actions,

such as love and hate, hope and

fear, joy and sadness, and anger

(1763).

PASSOVER:

See

Pasch/Paschal

Lamb.

PASTOR/PASTORAL OFFICE:

The ministry of shepherding the

faithful in the name of Christ.

The Pope and bishops receive

the pastoral office which they

are to exercise with Christ the

Good Shepherd as their model;

they share their pastoral ministry

with priests, to whom they give

responsibility over a portion of the

flock as pastors of parishes (886,

1560, 2179).

PATRIARCH:

A title given to the

venerable ancestors or “fathers”

of the Semitic peoples, Abraham,

Isaac, and Jacob, who received

God’s promise of election (61,

205). In the Church hierarchy, and

especially among the Churches

of the East, a patriarch is a senior

bishop with jurisdiction over a

larger unit of particular churches

(patriarchate) of a certain rite or

region or liturgical tradition (887).

PATRISTIC:

Pertaining to the

writings of the holy Fathers of

the Church, who are privileged

witnesses of the apostolic

tradition (78, 688).

See

Fathers of

the Church.

PEACE:

One of the fruits of

the Holy Spirit mentioned in

Galatians 5:22-23 (736). Peace

is a goal of Christian living, as

indicated by Jesus who said

“Blessed are the peacemakers,

for they shall be called children

of God” (1716). The Fifth

Commandment requires us to

preserve and work for peace,

which was defined by St.

Augustine as “the tranquility of

order,” and which is the work of

justice and the effect of charity

(2304).

PENANCE:

Interior

penance: a

conversion of heart toward God

and away from sin, which implies

the intention to change one’s life

because of hope in divine mercy

(1431).

External

acts of penance

include fasting, prayer, and

almsgiving (1434). The observance

of certain penitential practices is

obliged by the fourth precept of

the Church (2043).

PENANCE, SACRAMENT

OF:

The liturgical celebration

of God’s forgiveness of the sins

of the penitent, who is thus

reconciled with God and with the

Church. The acts of the penitent—

contrition, the confession of sins,

and satisfaction or reparation—

together with the prayer of

absolution by the priest, constitute

the essential elements of the

Sacrament of Penance (980, 1422,

1440, 1448).

PENITENT/PENITENTIAL:

The sinner who repents of sin

and seeks forgiveness (1451).

In the early Church, public

sinners belonged to an “order

of penitents,” who did public

penance for their sins, often for

years (1447). Penitential acts or

practices refer to those which

dispose one for or flows from

interior penance or conversion;

such acts lead to and follow upon

the celebration of the Sacrament

of Penance (1434).

See

Satisfaction

(for sin).