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Glossary

893

PENTATEUCH:

The first five

books of the Old Testament:

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus,

Numbers, and Deuteronomy (702;

cf. 120).

PENTECOST:

The “fiftieth” day

at the end of the seven weeks

following Passover (Easter in

the Christian dispensation).

At the first Pentecost after the

Resurrection and Ascension

of Jesus, the Holy Spirit

was manifested, given and

communicated as a divine

Person to the Church, fulfilling

the paschal mystery of Christ

according to his promise (726, 731;

cf. 1287). Annually the Church

celebrates the memory of the

Pentecost event as the beginning

of the new “age of the Church,”

when Christ lives and acts in and

with his Church (1076).

PEOPLE OF GOD:

A synonym

for the Church, taken from the

Old Testament people whom God

chose, Israel. Christ instituted

the new and eternal covenant by

which a new priestly, prophetic,

and royal People of God, the

Church, participates in these

offices of Christ and in the mission

and service which flow from them

(761, 783).

PERJURY:

Giving one’s word

under oath falsely, or making

a promise under oath without

intending to keep it. Perjury

violates the second and eighth

commandments (2152, 2476).

PERSON, DIVINE:

Hypostasis

in

Greek; the term used to describe

the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

in their real relation to and

distinction from one another

within the unity of the Blessed

Trinity. Each of the three divine

Persons is God (252).

See

Trinity.

PERSON, HUMAN:

The human

individual, made in the image

of God; not some thing but

some one, a unity of spirit and

matter, soul and body, capable

of knowledge, self-possession,

and freedom, who can enter

into communion with other

persons—and with God (357,

362; cf. 1700). The human person

needs to live in society, which is a

group of persons bound together

organically by a principle of unity

that goes beyond each one of them

(1879).

PETER, SAINT:

Simon, whom

Jesus called Peter or “Rock,” upon

whom he would build his Church

(

Mt

16:16-19). He was the first to

confess Jesus to be the Christ, the

Son of the living God (442). He

was the first among the Apostles,

and their head; the pope is his

successor as Bishop of Rome and

Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of

the universal Church (552 ff.; 765,

862, 881).

PIETY:

One of the seven gifts of

the Holy Spirit which leads one

to devotion to God (1831). Filial

piety connotes an attitude of

reverence and respect by children

toward their parents (2215). Piety

also refers to the religious sense

of a people, and its expression in

popular devotions (1674).

POLYGAMY:

The practice of

having more than one wife at the

same time, which is contrary to

the unity of marriage between one

man and one woman, and which

offends against the dignity of

woman (1645, 2387).

POPE:

The successor of St. Peter

as Bishop of Rome and Supreme

Pontiff of the universal Catholic

Church. The pope exercises a

primacy

of authority as Vicar of