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894

Glossary

Christ and shepherd of the whole

Church; he receives the divine

assistance promised by Christ

to the Church when he defines

infallibly

a doctrine of faith or

morals (880-882).

See

Papacy.

POVERTY:

The condition of

want experienced by those

who are poor, whom Christ

called “blessed,” and for whom

he had a special love (544). In

imitation of Christ, the Church

expresses her concern for the

poor by working for justice and

solidarity (2443). Poverty is one

of the three evangelical counsels

whose public profession in the

Church is a constitutive element

of consecrated life (915). Poverty

of spirit signifies detachment from

worldly things and voluntary

humility (2544-2546).

PRAISE:

The form of prayer

which focuses on giving

recognition to God for his own

sake, giving glory to Him for who

he is (2639). In the liturgy of the

Eucharist, the whole Church joins

with Christ in giving praise and

thanksgiving to the Father (1358).

See

Doxology.

PRAYER:

The elevation of the

mind and heart to God in praise

of his glory; a petition made

to God for some desired good,

or in thanksgiving for a good

received, or in intercession for

others before God. Through

prayer the Christian experiences

a communion with God through

Christ in the Church (2559-2565).

PRECEPTS OF THE CHURCH:

Positive laws (sometimes called

commandments) made by Church

authorities to guarantee for

the faithful the indispensable

minimum in prayer and moral

effort, for the sake of their growth

in love of God and neighbor

(2041).

PRESBYTER:

An “elder” or

priest, a member of the order of

priesthood; the presbyterate is

one of the three degrees of the

Sacrament of Holy Orders (1536,

1554). Presbyters or priests are

co-workers with their bishops and

form a unique sacerdotal college

or “presbyterium” dedicated to

assist their bishops in priestly

service to the People of God

(1567). Through the ministry

of priests, the unique sacrifice

of Christ on the cross is made

present in the Eucharistic sacrifice

of the Church (1554, 1562).

See

Priesthood.

PRESENTATION:

The

presentation and dedication

of Jesus to God by Mary and

Joseph in the Temple (

Lk

2:22-

39), in accord with Mosaic Law

concerning the first-born. At

the Presentation, Simeon and

Anna sum up the expectation

of Israel for the long-awaited

Messiah, the light of the nations

and the glory of Israel, but also

as a sign of contradiction (529).

The

presentation of the gifts,

especially of bread and wine, is a

preparatory rite for the liturgy of

the Eucharist at Mass (1346).

PRESUMPTION:

An act or

attitude opposed to the theological

virtue of hope. Presumption

can take the form of trust in self

without recognizing that salvation

comes from God, or of an over-

confidence in divine mercy (2092).

PRIDE:

One of the seven capital

sins. Pride is undue self-esteem

or self-love, which seeks attention

and honor and sets oneself in

competition with God (1866).