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Glossary

895

PRIESTHOOD:

(1)

Of the

faithful:

The priestly people of

God. Christ has made of his

Church a “kingdom of priests,”

and gives the faithful a share

in his priesthood through the

Sacraments of Baptism and

Confirmation (784, 1119, 1546).

(2)

Ministerial:

The ministerial

priesthood received in the

Sacrament of Holy Orders differs

in essence from this common

priesthood of all the faithful. It

has as its purpose to serve the

priesthood of all the faithful by

building up and guiding the

Church in the name of Christ, who

is Head of the Body (1547).

See

Priesthood of Christ; Presbyter.

PRIESTHOOD OF CHRIST:

The

unique high priest, according to

the order of Melchizedek. Christ

fulfilled everything that the

priesthood of the Old Covenant

prefigured. (cf.

Heb

5:10, 6:20). He

offered himself once and for all

(

Heb

10:14), in a perfect sacrifice

upon the cross. His priesthood

is made present in a special

way in the Church through the

ministerial priesthood, conferred

through the Sacrament of Holy

Orders (1539, 1544, 1547, 1554).

PRIMACY:

See

Pope.

PRIVATE REVELATIONS:

Revelations made in the course

of history which do not add

to or form part of the deposit

of faith, but rather may help

people live out their faith more

fully (67). Some of these private

revelations have been recognized

by the authority of the Church,

which cannot accept so-called

“revelations of faith” that claim to

surpass or correct the Revelation

of Christ confided to his Church.

PROFESSION OF FAITH:

The synthesis (creed, “symbol

of faith”) of the faith which

summarizes the faith professed by

Christians (187).

See

Creed.

PROPHET:

One sent by God

to form the people of the Old

Covenant in the hope of salvation.

The prophets are often authors of

books of the Old Testament (702).

The prophetic books constitute a

major section of the Old Testament

of the Bible (64, 120, 522, 2581).

John the Baptist concludes the

work of the prophets of the Old

Covenant (721).

PROTESTANT:

A person who

believes in Christ and has been

baptized, but who does not

profess the Catholic faith in its

entirety, but rather is a member

of a Protestant church or ecclesial

community whose roots are in

the Reformation, begun in the

sixteenth century (cf. 838).

PROTO-EVANGELIUM:

The

proto- or “first” Gospel: the

passage in Genesis (3:15) that

first mysteriously announces

the promise of the Messiah and

Redeemer (410).

PROVIDENCE:

The dispositions

by which God guides his creation

toward its perfection yet to be

attained; the protection and

governance of God over all

creation (302).

PRUDENCE:

The virtue which

disposes a person to discern

the good and choose the correct

means to accomplish it. One of

the cardinal moral virtues that

dispose the Christian to live

according to the law of Christ,

prudence provides the proximate

guidance for the judgment of

conscience (1806).