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896

Glossary

PSALM:

A prayer in the Book

of Psalms of the Old Testament,

assembled over several centuries;

a collection of prayers in the form

of hymns or poetry. The psalms

have been used since Jesus’ time

as the public prayer of the Church

(2585).

PSALTER:

The book of psalms

arranged for liturgical use (2587).

PUNISHMENT, ETERNAL:

The

penalty for unrepented mortal

sin, separating the sinner from

communion with God for all

eternity; the condemnation of the

unrepentant sinner to hell (1035).

PUNISHMENT, TEMPORAL:

Purification of the unhealthy

attachment to creatures, which

is a consequence of sin that

perdures even after death. We

must be purified either during our

earthly life through prayer and

a conversion which comes from

fervent charity, or after death in

purgatory (1472).

PURGATORY:

A state of final

purification after death and before

entrance into heaven for those

who died in God’s friendship, but

were only imperfectly purified;

a final cleansing of human

imperfection before one is able to

enter the joy of heaven (1031; cf.

1472).

-R-

RACISM:

Unjust discrimination

on the basis of a person’s race; a

violation of human dignity, and a

sin against justice (1935).

REAL PRESENCE:

The unique,

true presence of Christ in the

Eucharist under the species or

appearances of bread and wine.

The Church invites the faithful

to deepen their faith in the real

presence of Christ through

adoration and communion at the

Eucharistic liturgy, and through

adoration outside its celebration

(1378-1379).

RECONCILIATION,

SACRAMENT OF:

The

sacramental celebration in

which, through God’s mercy

and forgiveness, the sinner is

reconciled with God and also with

the Church, Christ’s Body, which

is wounded by sin (1422, 1442-

1445, 1468).

See

Penance.

REDEEMER/REDEMPTION:

Jesus Christ, redeemer of

mankind. Christ paid the price

of his own sacrificial death on

the cross to ransom us, to set us

free from the slavery of sin, thus

achieving our redemption (571,

601; cf. 517, 1372).

RELIGION:

A set of beliefs

and practices followed by

those committed to the service

and worship of God. The first

commandment requires us to

believe in God, to worship and

serve him, as the first duty of the

virtue of religion (2084, 2135).

RELIGIOUS LIFE:

See

Consecrated Life.

REMISSION OF SINS:

The

forgiveness of sins, which is

accomplished in us through faith

and Baptism, as the fruit of the

redemptive sacrifice of Christ on

the cross (976, 1263). Christ gave

the power to remit sins to his

Apostles, and through them to the

ministers of the Church (981). The

remission of sins committed after

Baptism is effected sacramentally

through the Sacrament of Penance

and Reconciliation (1446).