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Glossary

897

REPARATION:

Making amends

for a wrong done or for an

offense, especially for sin, which

is an offense against God. By his

death on the cross, the Son of God

offered his life out of love for the

Father to make reparation for our

sinful disobedience (614). We are

obliged to make reparation for

personal sins against justice and

truth, either through restitution

of stolen goods or correcting the

harm done to the other’s good

name (2412, 2487).

See

Satisfaction

(for sin).

REPENTANCE:

See

Contrition;

Penance.

RESTITUTION:

The return of

what has been unjustly taken from

another (2409, 2412).

RESURRECTION OF CHRIST:

The bodily rising of Jesus from

the dead on the third day after

his death on the cross and burial

in the tomb. The resurrection of

Christ is the crowning truth of our

faith in Christ (638).

RESURRECTION OF THE

DEAD:

The raising of the

righteous, who will live forever

with the risen Christ, on the last

day. The eleventh article of the

Christian creed states, “I believe

in the resurrection of the body.”

The resurrection of the body

means not only that the immortal

soul will live on after death, but

that even our “mortal bodies”

(

Rom

8:11) will come to life again

(988).

REVELATION:

God’s

communication of himself, by

which he makes known the

mystery of his divine plan, a gift

of self-communication which is

realized by deeds and words over

time, and most fully by sending us

his own divine Son, Jesus Christ

(50).

RITES:

The diverse liturgical

traditions in which the one

catholic and apostolic faith

has come to be expressed and

celebrated in various cultures

and lands; for example, in the

West, the Roman and Ambrosian

(Latin) rites; in the East, the

Byzantine, Coptic (Alexandrian),

Syriac, Armenian, Maronite,

and Chaldean rites (1201-

1203). “Rite” and “ritual” are

sometimes interchanged, as in

“the sacramental rite” or “the

sacramental ritual.”

ROSARY:

A prayer in honor of

the Blessed Virgin Mary, which

repeats the privileged Marian

prayer

Ave Maria,

or

Hail Mary,

in “decades” of ten prayers, each

preceded by the

Pater Noster

(“Our Father”) and concluded

by the

Gloria Patri

(Glory Be to

the Father), accompanied by

meditation on the mysteries

of Christ’s life. The rosary was

developed by medieval piety in

the Latin church as a popular

substitute for the liturgical prayer

of the Hours (2678, 2708; cf. 1674).

-S-

SABBATH:

The Sabbath or

seventh “day,” on which God

rested after the work of the “six

days” of creation was completed,

as recounted in the opening

narrative of the Bible. Creation is

thus ordered to the Sabbath, the

day to be kept holy to the praise

and worship of God. Just as the

seventh day or Sabbath completes

the first creation, so the “eighth

day,” Sunday, the day of the week

on which Jesus rose from the

dead, is celebrated as the “holy

day” by Christians—the day on