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898

Glossary

which the “new creation” began

(345-349). Thus the Christian

observance of Sunday fulfills the

commandment to remember and

keep holy the Sabbath day (2175).

SACRAMENT:

An efficacious

sign of grace, instituted by Christ

and entrusted to the Church, by

which divine life is dispensed to

us through the work of the Holy

Spirit (774, 1131). The sacraments

(called “mysteries” in the Eastern

Churches) are seven in number:

Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist,

Penance or Reconciliation,

Anointing of the Sick, Holy

Orders, and Matrimony (1210).

SACRAMENTALS:

Sacred signs

which bear a certain resemblance

to the sacraments, and by means

of which spiritual effects are

signified and obtained through

the prayers of the Church (1667).

SACRED HEART:

The symbol

of the love with which Jesus

continually loves the eternal

Father and all human beings

without exception (478).

SACRIFICE:

A ritual offering

made to God by a priest on

behalf of the people, as a sign of

adoration, gratitude, supplication,

and communion (2099). The

perfect sacrifice was Christ’s

death on the cross; by this

sacrifice, Christ accomplished

our redemption as high priest

of the new and eternal covenant

(616). The sacrifice of Christ on

the cross is commemorated and

mysteriously made present in the

Eucharistic sacrifice of the Church

(1357, 1544).

SACRILEGE:

Profanation of

or irreverence toward persons,

places, and things which are

sacred, i.e., dedicated to God;

sacrilege against the sacraments,

especially the Eucharist, is a

particularly grave offense against

the first commandment (2120).

SAINT:

The “holy one” who leads

a life in union with God through

the grace of Christ and receives

the reward of eternal life. The

Church is called the communion

of saints, of the holy ones (823,

946; cf. 828).

See

Canonization.

SALVATION:

The forgiveness of

sins and restoration of friendship

with God, which can be done by

God alone (169).

SANCTIFYING GRACE:

The

grace which heals our human

nature wounded by sin by

giving us a share in the divine

life of the Trinity. It is a habitual,

supernatural gift which continues

the work of sanctifying us—of

making us “perfect,” holy, and

Christlike (1999).

SANCTUARY:

(1) The part of a

church set apart for the principal

rites of worship (cf. 1183). (2)

A shrine or place of pilgrimage

(1674).

SATAN:

A fallen angel or the

devil; the Evil One (391, 395,

2851).

SATISFACTION (FOR SIN):

An

act whereby the sinner makes

amends for sin, especially in

reparation to God for offenses

against him. The penance given

by the confessor in the Sacrament

of Penance constitutes such

satisfaction. All true satisfaction

for sin must be a participation

in the satisfaction for sin made

by Christ through his death on

the cross (1459).

See

Penance;

Penitent/Penitential; Reparation.