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Glossary

899

SAVIOR:

Jesus (which means

“God saves” in Hebrew). The Son

of God became man to achieve our

salvation; he is the unique savior

of humanity (430).

SCANDAL:

An attitude or

behavior which leads another to

do evil (2284).

SCHISM:

Refusal of submission

to the Supreme Pontiff, or of

communion with the members of

the Church subject to him (2089).

SCRIPTURE, SACRED:

The

sacred writings of the Old and

New Testaments (101).

See

Bible.

SEAL OF CONFESSION:

The

confessor’s obligation to keep

absolutely secret what a penitent

has told to him in the Sacrament

of Penance; also known as the

“sacramental seal” (1467).

SECOND COMING OF CHRIST:

See

Parousia.

SECULAR INSTITUTE:

See

Institute, Secular.

SENSUS FIDEI:

A supernatural

appreciation of the faith (

sensus

fidei

) shown by the universal

consent in matters of faith and

morals manifested by the whole

body of the faithful under the

guidance of the Magisterium (92).

SEPTUAGINT:

A pre-Christian

Greek translation of the Hebrew

Scriptures made by Jewish

scholars, and later adopted by

Greek-speaking Christians (213).

SIGN OF THE CROSS:

A sign in

the form of a cross made by the

Christian as a prayer honoring the

Blessed Trinity, “in the name of

the Father and of the Son and of

the Holy Spirit” (2157; cf. 786).

SIMONY:

The buying or selling of

spiritual things, which have God

alone as their owner and master

(2121).

SIN:

An offense against God as

well as a fault against reason,

truth, and right conscience. Sin

is a deliberate thought, word,

deed, or omission contrary to the

eternal law of God. In judging the

gravity of sin, it is customary to

distinguish between mortal and

venial sins (1849, 1853, 1854).

SLANDER:

See

Calumny.

SLOTH:

A culpable lack of

physical or spiritual effort; acedia

or laziness. One of the capital sins

(1866, 2094, 2733).

SOCIAL JUSTICE:

The respect

for the human person and the

rights which flow from human

dignity and guarantee it. Society

must provide the conditions

that allow people to obtain what

is their due, according to their

nature and vocation (1928, 1931).

SOCIAL SIN:

The effect of sin

over time, which can affect society

and its institutions to create

“structures of sin,” by analogy

called “social sin” (1869).

SOCIAL TEACHING:

The

teaching (social doctrine) of the

Church on the truth of revelation

about human dignity, human

solidarity, and the principles

of justice and peace; the moral

judgments about economic and

social matters required by such

truth and about the demands of

justice and peace (2419-2422).

SON OF GOD:

A title frequently

applied to Jesus in the Gospel,

signifying his unique relationship

to the Father. The second Person