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Glossary

901

TEACHING OFFICE:

See

Magisterium.

TEMPERANCE:

The cardinal

moral virtue that moderates the

attraction of pleasure and pro-

vides balance in the use of created

goods. It ensures the mastery of

the will over instinct, and keeps

natural desires within proper

limits (1809).

TEMPLE:

The house of worship

built in Jerusalem by Solomon

as God’s dwelling-place, for the

exercise of the priestly rites of

sacrifice in the Jewish religion.

After the capture of Jerusalem

in 70 a.d. by the Romans, the

second temple was destroyed and

never rebuilt. Jesus recognized

the Temple as God’s dwelling,

and a house of prayer; he even

identified himself with the Temple

by presenting himself as God’s

definitive dwelling-place. The

Holy Spirit makes the Church “the

temple of the living God” (583,

797; cf. 2580).

TEMPTATION:

An attraction,

either from outside oneself or

from within, to act contrary

to right reason and the

commandments of God. Jesus

himself during his life on earth

was tempted, put to the test, to

manifest both the opposition

between himself and the devil and

the triumph of his saving work

over Satan (538).

TESTAMENT:

The name given

to the two major parts of the

Bible; a synonym for “covenant,”

as in Old and New Covenants.

The Old Testament recounts

the history of salvation before

the time of Christ (46 books),

and the New Testament unfolds

the saving work of Jesus and

the apostolic beginnings of the

Church (27 books) (120-121, 124).

See

Covenant.

THEOLOGY:

The study of God,

based on divine revelation (236,

2033, 2038).

THEOPHANY:

A revelation or

visible appearance of God, as in

the case of Moses at Mount Sinai

(2059).

TIME:

See

Eternal Life.

TRADITION:

The living

transmission of the message of the

Gospel in the Church. The oral

preaching of the Apostles, and

the written message of salvation

under the inspiration of the Holy

Spirit (Bible), are conserved

and handed on as the deposit

of faith through the apostolic

succession in the Church. Both the

living Tradition and the written

Scriptures have their common

source in the revelation of God

in Jesus Christ (75-82). The

theological, liturgical, disciplinary,

and devotional traditions of the

local churches both contain and

can be distinguished from this

apostolic Tradition (83).

TRANSFIGURATION:

The

mysterious event in which Jesus,

seen speaking with Moses and

Elijah on the mountain, was

transformed in appearance—in

the sight of Peter, James, and John

—as a moment of disclosure of his

divine glory (554).

TRANSUBSTANTIATION:

The scholastic term used to

designate the unique change of

the Eucharistic bread and wine

into the Body and Blood of Christ.

“Transubstantiation” indicates

that through the consecration

of the bread and the wine there

occurs the change of the entire