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902

Glossary

substance of the bread into the

substance of the Body of Christ,

and of the entire substance of the

wine into the Blood of Christ—

even though the appearances

or “species” of bread and wine

remain (1376).

TRIDUUM:

A liturgical

celebration of three days duration,

as in the Easter Triduum (1168).

TRINITY:

The mystery of one

God in three Persons: Father, Son,

and Holy Spirit. The revealed

truth of the Holy Trinity is at the

very root of the Church’s living

faith as expressed in the Creed.

The mystery of the Trinity in

itself is inaccessible to the human

mind and is the object of faith

only because it was revealed by

Jesus Christ, the divine Son of the

eternal Father (232, 237, 249, 253-

256).

See

Person, Divine.

TYPOLOGY:

The discernment of

persons, events, or things in the

Old Testament which prefigured,

and thus served as a “type” (or

prototype) of, the fulfillment

of God’s plan in the person of

Christ. The typology of the Old

Testament which is made clear in

the New Testament demonstrates

the dynamic unity of the divine

plan of salvation (128).

-U-

UNITY, CHRISTIAN:

See

Ecumenism.

-V-

VENERATION (OF SAINTS):

Showing devotion and respect

to Mary, the Apostles, and the

martyrs, who were viewed as

faithful witnesses to faith in Jesus

Christ. Later, veneration was

given to those who led a life of

prayer and self-denial in giving

witness to Christ, whose virtues

were recognized and publicly

proclaimed in their canonization

as saints (828). Such veneration

is often extended to the

relics

or

remains of those recognized as

saints; indeed, to many sacred

objects and

images.

Veneration

must be clearly distinguished

from adoration and worship,

which are due to God alone (1154,

1674, 2132).

VENIAL SIN:

Sin which does

not destroy the divine life in the

soul, as does mortal sin, though it

diminishes and wounds it (1855).

Venial sin is the failure to observe

necessary moderation, in lesser

matters of the moral law, or in

grave matters acting without full

knowledge or complete consent

(1862).

VIATICUM:

The Eucharist

received by a dying person. It

is the spiritual food for one’s

“passing over” to the Father from

this world. With Penance and

the Anointing of the Sick, the

reception of Holy Communion

as Viaticum constitute the “last

sacraments” of the Christian

(1524).

VICAR OF CHRIST:

A title given

to St. Peter, head of the Twelve

Apostles, and to his successors,

the popes (882); “vicar” means

one who stands in for or acts for

another.

VICE:

A habit acquired by

repeated sin in violation of the

proper norms of human morality.

The vices are often linked with

the seven capital sins. Repentance

for sin and confession may restore

grace to a soul, but the removal of

the ingrained disposition to sin or