vice requires much effort and self-
denial, until the contrary virtue is
of Jesus in the womb of the
Virgin Mary solely by the power
of the Holy Spirit. The Church’s
confession of faith in the virgin
birth affirms that Jesus was
conceived by the Holy Spirit
without human seed (496).
The mother of
Jesus, who is honored as “ever-
virgin” for her perpetual virginity
A habitual and firm
disposition to do the good.
The moral virtues are acquired
through human effort aided
by God’s grace; the theological
virtues are gifts of God (1803).
Gifts infused by God into the
souls of the faithful to make them
capable of acting as his children
and of meriting eternal life. The
theological virtues are faith, hope,
and charity (1813).
The calling or
destiny we have in this life
and hereafter. God has created
the human person to love and
serve him; the fulfillment of this
vocation is eternal happiness (1,
358, 1700). Christ calls the faithful
to the perfection of holiness (825).
The vocation of the laity consists
in seeking the Kingdom of God
by engaging in temporal affairs
and directing them according
to God’s will (898). Priestly and
religious vocations are dedicated
to the service of the Church as the
universal sacrament of salvation
(cf. 873; 931).
A deliberate and free
promise made to God, concerning
a possible and better good which
must be fulfilled by reason of the
virtue of religion (2102). Religious
vows, the public profession of
the evangelical counsels in the
Church, have an exemplary value
in witnessing to the Kingdom to
come (cf. 915).
WAY OF THE CROSS:
devotional exercise which follows
the “way of the cross” in the
Savior’s steps, observing stops or
“stations” to meditate on the path
Jesus took from the Praetorium
in Jerusalem to Golgotha and the
tomb. “By his holy Cross he has
redeemed the world” (2669).
A spiritual gift which
enables one to know the purpose
and plan of God; one of the seven
gifts of the Holy Spirit (1831).
Wisdom is also the name of one
of the books of the Old Testament
WORD OF GOD:
content of Revelation as contained
in the Holy Bible and proclaimed
in the Church. In John’s Gospel,
God’s “Word” means his only-
begotten Son, who is the fullness
of God’s Revelation and who took
flesh (the Word incarnate) and
became man for the sake of our
salvation (65, 81, 101, 241, 461; cf.
WORKS OF MERCY:
actions by which we come to
the aid of our neighbors in their
bodily and spiritual needs (2447).
The spiritual works of mercy