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92

Part One

has raised man up to himself and made him sit at his right

hand.

223

359

“In reality it is only in the mystery of the Word made flesh

that the mystery of man truly becomes clear.”

224

St. Paul tells us that the human race takes its origin from

two men: Adam and Christ . . . . The first man, Adam, he says,

became a living soul, the last Adam a life-giving spirit. The

first Adam was made by the last Adam, from whom he also

received his soul, to give him life . . . . The second Adam

stamped his image on the first Adam when he created him.

That is why he took on himself the role and the name of the

first Adam, in order that he might not lose what he hadmade

in his own image. The first Adam, the last Adam: the first

had a beginning, the last knows no end. The last Adam is

indeed the first; as he himself says: “I am the first and the

last.”

225

360

Because of its common origin

the human race forms a unity,

for “from one ancestor [God] made all nations to inhabit the whole

earth”:

226

Owondrous vision, whichmakes us contemplate the human

race in the unity of its origin in God . . . in the unity of its

nature, composed equally in all men of a material body and

a spiritual soul; in the unity of its immediate end and its

mission in the world; in the unity of its dwelling, the earth,

whose benefits all men, by right of nature, may use to sustain

and develop life; in the unity of its supernatural end: God

himself, to whom all ought to tend; in the unity of the means

for attaining this end; . . . in the unity of the redemption

wrought by Christ for all.

227

361

“This law of human solidarity and charity,”

228

without

excluding the rich variety of persons, cultures, and peoples, assures

us that all men are truly brethren.

II.

“B

ody and

S

oul

but

T

ruly

O

ne

362

The human person, created in the image of God, is a being

at once corporeal and spiritual. The biblical account expresses this

reality in symbolic language when it affirms that “then the LORD

God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his

223 St. John Chrysostom,

In Gen. Sermo

II, 1: PG 54, 587D-588A.

224

GS

22 § 1.

225 St. Peter Chrysologus,

Sermo

117; PL 52, 520-521.

226

Acts

17:26; cf.

Tob

8:6.

227 Pius XII, encyclical,

Summi Pontificatus

3; cf.

NA

1.

228 Pius XII,

Summi Pontificatus

3.

1701

388, 411

225, 404, 775

831, 842

1939

1146, 2332