has raised man up to himself and made him sit at his right
“In reality it is only in the mystery of the Word made flesh
that the mystery of man truly becomes clear.”
St. Paul tells us that the human race takes its origin from
two men: Adam and Christ . . . . The first man, Adam, he says,
became a living soul, the last Adam a life-giving spirit. The
first Adam was made by the last Adam, from whom he also
received his soul, to give him life . . . . The second Adam
stamped his image on the first Adam when he created him.
That is why he took on himself the role and the name of the
first Adam, in order that he might not lose what he hadmade
in his own image. The first Adam, the last Adam: the first
had a beginning, the last knows no end. The last Adam is
indeed the first; as he himself says: “I am the first and the
Because of its common origin
the human race forms a unity,
for “from one ancestor [God] made all nations to inhabit the whole
Owondrous vision, whichmakes us contemplate the human
race in the unity of its origin in God . . . in the unity of its
nature, composed equally in all men of a material body and
a spiritual soul; in the unity of its immediate end and its
mission in the world; in the unity of its dwelling, the earth,
whose benefits all men, by right of nature, may use to sustain
and develop life; in the unity of its supernatural end: God
himself, to whom all ought to tend; in the unity of the means
for attaining this end; . . . in the unity of the redemption
wrought by Christ for all.
“This law of human solidarity and charity,”
excluding the rich variety of persons, cultures, and peoples, assures
us that all men are truly brethren.
The human person, created in the image of God, is a being
at once corporeal and spiritual. The biblical account expresses this
reality in symbolic language when it affirms that “then the LORD
God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his
223 St. John Chrysostom,
In Gen. Sermo
II, 1: PG 54, 587D-588A.
22 § 1.
225 St. Peter Chrysologus,
117; PL 52, 520-521.
227 Pius XII, encyclical,
228 Pius XII,
225, 404, 775