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94

Part One

man is ordered to a supernatural end and that his soul can gratui­

tously be raised beyond all it deserves to communion with God.

238

368

The spiritual tradition of the Church also emphasizes the

heart,

in the biblical sense of the depths of one’s being, where the

person decides for or against God.

239

III.

“M

ale and

F

emale

H

e

C

reated

T

hem

Equality and difference willed by God

369

Man and woman have been

created,

which is to say,

willed

by God: on the one hand, in perfect equality as human persons; on

the other, in their respective beings as man and woman. “Being

man” or “being woman” is a reality which is good and willed by

God: man and woman possess an inalienable dignity which comes

to them immediately from God their Creator.

240

Man and woman

are both with one and the same dignity “in the image of God.” In

their “being-man” and “being-woman,” they reflect the Creator’s

wisdom and goodness.

370

In no way is God in man’s image. He is neither man nor woman.

God is pure spirit in which there is no place for the difference between the

sexes. But the respective “perfections” of man and woman reflect some-

thing of the infinite perfection of God: those of a mother and those of a

father and husband.

241

“Each for the other”—“A unity in two”

371

God created man and woman

together

and willed each

for

the other. The Word of God gives us to understand this through

various features of the sacred text. “It is not good that the man

should be alone. I will make him a helper fit for him.”

242

None of

the animals can be man’s partner.

243

The woman God “fashions”

from the man’s rib and brings to him elicits on the man’s part a cry

of wonder, an exclamation of love and communion: “This at last is

bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh.”

244

Man discovers woman

as another “I,” sharing the same humanity.

238 Cf. Vatican Council I,

Dei Filius:

DS 3005;

GS

22 § 5;

Humani generis:

DS

3891.

239 Cf.

Jer

31:33;

Deut

6:5; 29:3;

Isa

29:13;

Ezek

36:26;

Mt

6:21;

Lk

8:15;

Rom

5:5.

240 Cf.

Gen

2:7, 22.

241 Cf.

Isa

49:14-15; 66:13;

Ps

131:2-3;

Hos

11:1-4;

Jer

3:4-19.

242

Gen

2:18.

243

Gen

2:19-20.

244

Gen

2:23.

478,582,1431

1764, 2517

2562, 2843

2331-2336

42, 239

1605