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The Profession of Faith

95

372

Man andwomanweremade “for each other”—not that God

left themhalf-made and incomplete: he created themtobe a commun­

ion of persons, inwhich each can be “helpmate” to the other, for they

are equal as persons (“bone of my bones . . .”) and complementary as

masculine and feminine. Inmarriage God unites them in such a way

that, by forming “one flesh,”

245

they can transmit human life: “Be

fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.”

246

By transmitting human

life to their descendants, man and woman as spouses and parents

cooperate in a unique way in the Creator’s work.

247

373

In God’s plan man and woman have the vocation of “sub-

duing” the earth

248

as stewards of God. This sovereignty is not to

be an arbitrary and destructive domination. God calls man and

woman, made in the image of the Creator “who loves everything

that exists,”

249

to share in his providence toward other creatures;

hence their responsibility for the world God has entrusted to them.

IV.

M

an

in

P

aradise

374

The first man was not only created good, but was also

established in friendship with his Creator and in harmony with

himself and with the creation around him, in a state that would be

surpassed only by the glory of the new creation in Christ.

375

The Church, interpreting the symbolism of biblical lan-

guage in an authentic way, in the light of the New Testament and

Tradition, teaches that our first parents, Adam and Eve, were

constituted in an original “state of holiness and justice.”

250

This

grace of original holiness was “to share in . . . divine life.”

251

376

By the radiance of this grace all dimensions of man’s life

were confirmed. As long as he remained in the divine intimacy,

man would not have to suffer or die.

252

The inner harmony of the

human person, the harmony between man and woman,

253

and

finally the harmony between the first couple and all creation,

comprised the state called “original justice.”

245

Gen

2:24.

246

Gen

1:28.

247 Cf.

GS

50 § 1.

248

Gen

1:28.

249

Wis

11:24.

250 Cf. Council of Trent (1546): DS 1511.

251 Cf.

LG

2.

252 Cf.

Gen

2:17; 3:16, 19.

253 Cf.

Gen

2:25.

1652, 2366

307

2415

54

1997

1008, 1502