The Profession of Faith
Man andwomanweremade “for each other”—not that God
left themhalf-made and incomplete: he created themtobe a commun
ion of persons, inwhich each can be “helpmate” to the other, for they
are equal as persons (“bone of my bones . . .”) and complementary as
masculine and feminine. Inmarriage God unites them in such a way
that, by forming “one flesh,”
they can transmit human life: “Be
fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.”
By transmitting human
life to their descendants, man and woman as spouses and parents
cooperate in a unique way in the Creator’s work.
In God’s plan man and woman have the vocation of “sub-
duing” the earth
as stewards of God. This sovereignty is not to
be an arbitrary and destructive domination. God calls man and
woman, made in the image of the Creator “who loves everything
to share in his providence toward other creatures;
hence their responsibility for the world God has entrusted to them.
The first man was not only created good, but was also
established in friendship with his Creator and in harmony with
himself and with the creation around him, in a state that would be
surpassed only by the glory of the new creation in Christ.
The Church, interpreting the symbolism of biblical lan-
guage in an authentic way, in the light of the New Testament and
Tradition, teaches that our first parents, Adam and Eve, were
constituted in an original “state of holiness and justice.”
grace of original holiness was “to share in . . . divine life.”
By the radiance of this grace all dimensions of man’s life
were confirmed. As long as he remained in the divine intimacy,
man would not have to suffer or die.
The inner harmony of the
human person, the harmony between man and woman,
finally the harmony between the first couple and all creation,
comprised the state called “original justice.”
50 § 1.
250 Cf. Council of Trent (1546): DS 1511.
2:17; 3:16, 19.