The “mastery” over the world that God offered man from
the beginning was realized above all within man himself:
The first man was unimpaired and ordered in his whole
being because he was free from the triple concupiscence
subjugates him to the pleasures of the senses, covetousness for
earthly goods, and self-assertion, contrary to the dictates of reason.
The sign of man’s familiarity with God is that God places
him in the garden.
There he lives “to till it and keep it.” Work is
not yet a burden,
but rather the collaboration of man andwoman
with God in perfecting the visible creation.
This entire harmony of original justice, foreseen for man
in God’s plan, will be lost by the sin of our first parents.
“Father most holy, . . . [y]ou formed man in your own
image and entrusted the whole world to his care, so
that in serving you alone, the Creator, he might have
dominion over all creatures” (
Man is predestined to reproduce the image of God’s
Son made man, the “image of the invisible God” (
1:15), so that Christ shall be the first-born of a multi-
tude of brothers and sisters (cf.
“Man, though made of body and soul, is a unity” (
14 § 1). The doctrine of the faith affirms that the spir-
itual and immortal soul is created immediately by
“God did not create man a solitary being. From the
beginning, ‘male and female he created them’ (
This partnership of man andwoman constitutes the first
form of communion between persons” (
12 § 4).
Revelation makes known to us the state of original
holiness and justice of man and woman before sin:
from their friendship with God flowed the happiness
of their existence in paradise.
2:15; cf. 3:17-19.