Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  98 / 904 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 98 / 904 Next Page
Page Background

98

Part One

Original Sin—an essential truth of the faith

388

With the progress of Revelation, the reality of sin is also

illuminated. Although to some extent the People of God in the Old

Testament had tried to understand the pathos of the human con-

dition in the light of the history of the fall narrated in Genesis, they

could not grasp this story’s ultimate meaning, which is revealed

only in the light of the death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.

261

We must knowChrist as the source of grace in order to knowAdam

as the source of sin. The Spirit-Paraclete, sent by the risen Christ,

came to “convict the world concerning sin,”

262

by revealing him

who is its Redeemer.

389

The doctrine of original sin is, so to speak, the “reverse

side” of the Good News that Jesus is the Savior of all men, that all

need salvation, and that salvation is offered to all through Christ.

The Church, which has the mind of Christ,

263

knows very well that

we cannot tamper with the revelation of original sin without

undermining the mystery of Christ.

How to read the account of the Fall

390

The account of the fall in

Genesis

3 uses figurative lan-

guage, but affirms a primeval event, a deed that took place

at the

beginning of the history of man.

264

Revelation gives us the certainty

of faith that the whole of human history is marked by the original

fault freely committed by our first parents.

265

II.

T

he

F

all of

the

A

ngels

391

Behind the disobedient choice of our first parents lurks a

seductive voice, opposed to God, which makes them fall into death

out of envy.

266

Scripture and the Church’s Tradition see in this

being a fallen angel, called “Satan” or the “devil.”

267

The Church

teaches that Satan was at first a good angel, made by God: “The

devil and the other demons were indeed created naturally good by

God, but they became evil by their own doing.”

268

261 Cf.

Rom

5:12-21.

262

Jn

16:8.

263 Cf.

1 Cor

2:16.

264 Cf.

GS

13 § 1.

265 Cf. Council of Trent: DS 1513; Pius XII: DS 3897; Paul VI: AAS 58 (1966),

654.

266 Cf.

Gen

3:1-5;

Wis

2:24.

267 Cf.

Jn

8:44;

Rev

12:9.

268 Lateran Council IV (1215): DS 800.

431

208

359

729

422

289

2538