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CONTENTS
V

APOSTOLIC LETTER LAETAMUR MAGNOPERE
XV

APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTION FIDEI DEPOSITUM
1

PROLOGUE
7

I. The Life of Man—To Know and Love God
7

II. Handing on the Faith: Catechesis
8

III. The Aim and Intended Readership of This Catechism
9

IV. Structure of This Catechism
9

V. Practical Directions for Using This Catechism
11

VI. Necessary Adaptations
11

PART 1: The Profession of Faith
13

SECTION 1: I Believe—We Believe
13

CH 1: Man’s Capacity for God
13

I. The Desire for God
13

II. Ways of Coming to Know God
14

III. The Knowledge of God According to the Church
16

IV. How Can We Speak about God?
17

IN BRIEF
18

CH 2: God Comes to Meet Man
19

ARTICLE 1: THE REVELATION OF GOD
19

I. God Reveals His “Plan of Loving Goodness”
19

II. The Stages of Revelation
20

III. Christ Jesus—“Mediator and Fullness of All Revelation”
22

IN BRIEF
23

ARTICLE 2: THE TRANSMISSION OF DIVINE REVELATION
24

I. The Apostolic Tradition
24

II. The Relationship Between Tradition and Sacred Scripture
26

III. The Interpretation of the Heritage of Faith
27

IN BRIEF
29

ARTICLE 3: SACRED SCRIPTURE
30

I. Christ—The Unique Word of Sacred Scripture
30

II. Inspiration and Truth of Sacred Scripture
31

III. The Holy Spirit, Interpreter of Scripture
32

IV. The Canon of Scripture
34

V. Sacred Scripture in the Life of the Church
37

IN BRIEF
37

CH 3: Man’s Response to God
39

ARTICLE 1: I BELIEVE
39

I. The Obedience of Faith
39

II. “I Know Whom I Have Believed”
40

III. The Characteristics of Faith
41

ARTICLE 2: WE BELIEVE
45

I. “Lord, Look upon the Faith of Your Church”
46

II. The Language of Faith
46

III. Only One Faith
47

IN BRIEF
48

The Credo
49

SECTION 2: The Profession of the Christian Faith
51

The Creeds
51

CH 1: I Believe in God the Father
54

ARTICLE 1: “I BELIEVE IN GOD, THE FATHER ALMIGHTY, CREATOR OF HEAVEN AND EARTH”
54

Paragraph 1. I Believe in God
54

I. “I Believe in One God”
54

II. God Reveals His Name
55

III. God, “He Who Is,” Is Truth and Love
58

IV. The Implications of Faith in One God
60

IN BRIEF
61

Paragraph 2. The Father
62

I. “In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit”
62

II. The Revelation of God as Trinity
63

III. The Holy Trinity in the Teaching of the Faith
66

IV. The Divine Works and the Trinitarian Missions
68

IN BRIEF
69

Paragraph 3. The Almighty
71

IN BRIEF
72

Paragraph 4. The Creator
73

I. Catechesis on Creation
73

II. Creation—Work of the Holy Trinity
76

III. “The World Was Created for the Glory of God”
76

IV. The Mystery of Creation
77

V. God Carries Out His Plan: Divine Providence
80

IN BRIEF
83

Paragraph 5. Heaven and Earth
85

I. The Angels
85

II. The Visible World
87

IN BRIEF
90

Paragraph 6. Man
91

I. “In the Image of God”
91

II. “Body and Soul but Truly One”
92

III. “Male and Female He Created Them”
94

IV. Man in Paradise
95

IN BRIEF
96

Paragraph 7. The Fall
97

I. Where Sin Abounded, Grace Abounded All the More
97

II. The Fall of the Angels
98

III. Original Sin
100

IV. “You Did Not Abandon Him to the Domain of Death”
104

IN BRIEF
104

CH 2: I Believe in Jesus Christ, His Only Son, Our Lord
106

ARTICLE 2: AND IN JESUS CHRIST, HIS ONLY SON, OUR LORD
108

I. Jesus
108

II. Christ
109

III. The Only Son of God
111

IV. Lord
112

IN BRIEF
114

ARTICLE 3: WHO WAS CONCEIVED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT, BORN OF THE VIRGIN MARY
115

Paragraph 1. The Son of God Became Man
115

I. Why Did the Word Become Flesh?
115

II. The Incarnation
116

III. True God and True Man
117

IV. How Is the Son of God Man?
119

IN BRIEF
121

Paragraph 2. Who Was Conceived by the Holy Spirit, Born of the Virgin Mary
122

I. Who Was Conceived by the Holy Spirit,
122

II. Born of the Virgin Mary
122

IN BRIEF
128

Paragraph 3. The Mysteries of Christ’s Life
129

I. Christ’s Whole Life Is Mystery
129

II. The Mysteries of Jesus’ Infancy and Hidden Life
131

III. The Mysteries of Jesus’ Public Life
136

IN BRIEF
145

ARTICLE 4: JESUS CHRIST SUFFERED UNDER PONTIUS PILATE, WAS CRUCIFIED, DIED AND WAS BURIED
146

Paragraph 1. Jesus and Israel
147

I. Jesus and the Law
148

II. Jesus and the Temple
149

III. Jesus and Israel’s Faith in the One God and Savior
151

IN BRIEF
152

Paragraph 2. Jesus Died Crucified
153

I. The Trial of Jesus
153

II. Christ’s Redemptive Death in God’s Plan of Salvation
155

III. Christ Offered Himself to His Father for Our Sins
157

IN BRIEF
161

Paragraph 3. Jesus Christ Was Buried
162

IN BRIEF
163

ARTICLE 5: HE DESCENDED INTO HELL; ON THE THIRD DAY HE ROSE AGAIN FROM THE DEAD
164

Paragraph 1. Christ Descended into Hell
164

IN BRIEF
165

Paragraph 2. On the Third Day He Rose Again from the Dead
166

I. The Historical and Transcendent Event
166

II. The Resurrection—A Work of the Holy Trinity
169

III. The Meaning and Saving Significance of the Resurrection
170

IN BRIEF
171

ARTICLE 6: HE ASCENDED INTO HEAVEN, AND IS SEATED AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD THE FATHER ALMIGHTY
172

IN BRIEF
173

ARTICLE 7: FROM THERE HE WILL COME AGAIN TO JUDGE THE LIVING AND THE DEAD
174

I. He Will Come Again in Glory
174

II. To Judge the Living and the Dead
177

IN BRIEF
178

CH 3: I Believe in the Holy Spirit
179

ARTICLE 8: I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT
180

I. The Joint Mission of the Son and the Spirit
181

II. The Name, Titles, and Symbols of the Holy Spirit
182

III. God’s Spirit and Word in the Time of the Promises
186

IV. The Spirit of Christ in the Fullness of Time
190

V. The Spirit and the Church in the Last Days
193

IN BRIEF
196

ARTICLE 9: I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH
197

Paragraph 1. The Church in God’s Plan
197

I. Names and Images of the Church
197

II. The Church’s Origin, Foundation, and Mission
199

III. The Mystery of the Church
203

IN BRIEF
205

Paragraph 2. The Church—People of God, Body of Christ, Temple of the Holy Spirit
206

I. The Church—People of God
206

II. The Church—Body of Christ
208

III. The Church Is the Temple of the Holy Spirit
211

IN BRIEF
213

Paragraph 3. The Church Is One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic
214

I. The Church Is One
214

II. The Church Is Holy
218

III. The Church Is Catholic
220

IV. The Church Is Apostolic
227

IN BRIEF
230

Paragraph 4. Christ’s Faithful—Hierarchy, Laity, Consecrated Life
231

I. The Hierarchical Constitution of the Church
231

II. The Lay Faithful
237

III. The Consecrated Life
241

IN BRIEF
245

Paragraph 5. The Communion of Saints
247

I. Communion in Spiritual Goods
247

II. The Communion of the Church of Heaven and Earth
249

IN BRIEF
250

Paragraph 6. Mary—Mother of Christ, Mother of the Church
251

I. Mary’s Motherhood with Regard to the Church
251

II. Devotion to the Blessed Virgin
253

III. Mary—Eschatological Icon of the Church
253

IN BRIEF
254

ARTICLE 10: I BELIEVE IN THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS
254

I. One Baptism for the Forgiveness of Sins
255

II. The Power of the Keys
256

IN BRIEF
257

ARTICLE 11: I BELIEVE IN THE RESURRECTION OF THE BODY
258

I. Christ’s Resurrection and Ours
259

II. Dying in Christ Jesus
262

IN BRIEF
265

ARTICLE 12: I BELIEVE IN LIFE EVERLASTING
266

I. The Particular Judgment
266

II. Heaven
267

III. The Final Purification, or Purgatory
268

IV. Hell
269

V. The Last Judgment
271

VI. The Hope of the New Heaven and the New Earth
272

IN BRIEF
274

“Amen”
276

PART 2: The Celebration of the Christian Mystery
277

SECTION 1: The Sacramental Economy
280

CH 1: The Paschal Mystery in the Age of the Church
280

ARTICLE 1: THE LITURGY—WORK OF THE HOLY TRINITY
280

I. The Father—Source and Goal of the Liturgy
280

II. Christ’s Work in the Liturgy
282

III. The Holy Spirit and the Church in the Liturgy
283

IN BRIEF
288

ARTICLE 2: THE PASCHAL MYSTERY IN THE CHURCH’S SACRAMENTS
289

I. The Sacraments of Christ
289

II. The Sacraments of the Church
289

III. The Sacraments of Faith
291

IV. The Sacraments of Salvation
292

V. The Sacraments of Eternal Life
292

IN BRIEF
293

CH 2: The Sacramental Celebration of the Paschal Mystery
294

ARTICLE 1: CELEBRATING THE CHURCH’S LITURGY
294

I. Who Celebrates?
294

II. How Is the Liturgy Celebrated?
296

III. When Is the Liturgy Celebrated?
301

IV. Where Is the Liturgy Celebrated?
305

IN BRIEF
307

ARTICLE 2: LITURGICAL DIVERSITY AND THE UNITY OF THE MYSTERY
309

IN BRIEF
310

SECTION 2: The Seven Sacraments of the Church
311

CH 1: The Sacraments of Christian Initiation
311

ARTICLE 1: THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM
312

I. What Is This Sacrament Called?
312

II. Baptism in the Economy of Salvation
313

III. How Is the Sacrament of Baptism Celebrated?
315

IV. Who Can Receive Baptism?
318

V. Who Can Baptize?
320

VI. The Necessity of Baptism
320

VII. The Grace of Baptism
321

IN BRIEF
324

ARTICLE 2: THE SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION
325

I. Confirmation in the Economy of Salvation
326

II. The Signs and the Rite of Confirmation
327

III. The Effects of Confirmation
330

IV. Who Can Receive This Sacrament?
331

V. The Minister of Confirmation
332

IN BRIEF
332

ARTICLE 3: THE SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST
334

I. The Eucharist—Source and Summit of Ecclesial Life
334

II. What Is This Sacrament Called?
335

III. The Eucharist in the Economy of Salvation
336

IV. The Liturgical Celebration of the Eucharist
339

V. The Sacramental Sacrifice: Thanksgiving, Memorial, Presence
342

VI. The Paschal Banquet
349

VII. The Eucharist — “Pledge of the Glory to Come”
354

IN BRIEF
355

CH 2: The Sacraments of Healing
357

ARTICLE 4: THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE AND RECONCILLIATION
357

I. What Is This Sacrament Called?
357

II. Why a Sacrament of Reconciliation after Baptism?
358

III. The Conversion of the Baptized
359

IV. Interior Penance
359

V. The Many Forms of Penance in Christian Life
360

VI. The Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation
361

VII. The Acts of the Penitent
364

VIII. The Minister of This Sacrament
367

IX. The Effects of This Sacrament
369

X. Indulgences
370

XI. The Celebration of the Sacrament of Penance
372

IN BRIEF
373

ARTICLE 5: THE ANOINTING OF THE SICK
375

I. Its Foundations in the Economy of Salvation
375

II. Who Receives and Who Administers This Sacrament?
379

III. How Is This Sacrament Celebrated?
379

IV. The Effects of the Celebration of This Sacrament
380

V. Viaticum, the Last Sacrament of the Christian
381

IN BRIEF
382

CH 3: The Sacraments at the Service of Communion
383

ARTICLE 6: THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY ORDERS
383

I. Why Is This Sacrament Called “Orders”?
384

II. The Sacrament of Holy Orders in the Economy of Salvation
384

III. The Three Degrees of the Sacrament of Holy Orders
388

IV. The Celebration of This Sacrament
393

V. Who Can Confer This Sacrament?
394

VI. Who Can Receive This Sacrament?
394

VII. The Effects of the Sacrament of Holy Orders
395

IN BRIEF
398

ARTICLE 7: THE SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY
400

I. Marriage in God’s Plan
400

II. The Celebration of Marriage
405

III. Matrimonial Consent
406

IV. The Effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony
409

V. The Goods and Requirements of Conjugal Love
410

VI. The Domestic Church
413

IN BRIEF
414

CH 4: Other Liturgical Celebrations
415

ARTICLE 1: SACRAMENTALS
415

IN BRIEF
418

ARTICLE 2: CHRISTIAN FUNERALS
418

I. The Christian’s Last Passover
418

II. The Celebration of Funerals
419

PART 3: Life in Christ
421

SECTION 1: Man’s Vocation Life in the Spirit
424

CH 1: The Dignity of the Human Person
424

ARTICLE 1: MAN: THE IMAGE OF GOD
424

IN BRIEF
426

ARTICLE 2: OUR VOCATION TO BEATITUDE
426

I . The Beatitudes
426

II. The Desire for Happiness
427

III. Christian Beatitude
428

IN BRIEF
429

ARTICLE 3: MAN’S FREEDOM
430

I. Freedom and Responsibility
430

II. Human Freedom in the Economy of Salvation
431

IN BRIEF
433

ARTICLE 4: THE MORALITY OF HUMAN ACTS
433

I. The Sources of Morality
433

II. Good Acts and Evil Acts
435

IN BRIEF
435

ARTICLE 5: THE MORALITY OF THE PASSIONS
436

I. Passions
436

II. Passions and Moral Life
436

IN BRIEF
437

ARTICLE 6: MORAL CONSCIENCE
438

I. The Judgment of Conscience
438

II. The Formation of Conscience
440

III. To Choose in Accord with Conscience
440

IV. Erroneous Judgment
441

IN BRIEF
442

ARTICLE 7: THE VIRTUES
443

I. The Human Virtues
443

II. The Theological Virtues
446

III. The Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Spirit
450

IN BRIEF
451

ARTICLE 8: SIN
452

I. Mercy and Sin
452

II. The Definition of Sin
453

III. The Different Kinds of Sins
454

IV. The Gravity of Sin: Mortal and Venial Sin
454

V. The Proliferation of Sin
457

IN BRIEF
458

CH 2: The Human Community
459

ARTICLE 1: THE PERSON AND SOCIETY
459

I. The Communal Character of the Human Vocation
459

II. Conversion and Society
461

IN BRIEF
462

ARTICLE 2: PARTICIPATION IN SOCIAL LIFE
463

I. Authority
463

II. The Common Good
464

III. Responsibility and Participation
466

IN BRIEF
467

ARTICLE 3: SOCIAL JUSTICE
468

I. Respect for the Human Person
468

II. Equality and Differences Among Men
469

III.Human Solidarity
471

IN BRIEF
472

CH 3: God's Salvation: Law and Grace
473

ARTICLE 1: THE MORAL LAW
473

I. The Natural Moral Law
474

II. The Old Law
476

III. The New Law or the Law of the Gospel
477

IN BRIEF
480

ARTICLE 2: GRACE AND JUSTIFICATION
481

I. Justification
481

II. Grace
483

III. Merit
486

IV. Christian Holiness
488

IN BRIEF
489

ARTICLE 3: THE CHURCH, MOTHER AND TEACHER
490

I. Moral Life and the Magisterium of the Church
491

II. The Precepts of the Church
493

III. Moral Life and Missionary Witness
494

IN BRIEF
495

The Ten Commandments
496

SECTION 2: The Ten Commandments
498

IN BRIEF
504

CH 1: "YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND"
505

ARTICLE 1: THE FIRST COMMANDMENT
505

I. “You Shall Worship the Lord Your God and Him Only Shall You Serve”
505

II. “Him Only Shall You Serve”
508

III. “You Shall Have No Other Gods Before Me”
512

IV. “You Shall Not Make for Yourself a Graven Image . . .”
516

IN BRIEF
517

ARTICLE 2: THE SECOND COMMANDMENT
518

I. The Name of the Lord Is Holy
518

II. Taking the Name of the Lord in Vain
520

III. The Christian Name
521

IN BRIEF
522

ARTICLE 3: THE THIRD COMMANDMENT
523

I. The Sabbath Day
523

II. The Lord’s Day
524

IN BRIEF
529

CH 2: “You Shall Love Your Neighbor as Yourself”
530

ARTICLE 4: THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT
530

I. The Family in God’s Plan
531

II. The Family and Society
533

III. The Duties of Family Members
534

IV. The Family and the Kingdom
539

V. The Authorities in Civil Society
539

IN BRIEF
543

ARTICLE 5: THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT
544

I. Respect for Human Life
544

II. Respect for the Dignity of Persons
551

III. Safeguarding Peace
554

IN BRIEF
558

ARTICLE 6: THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT
560

I. “Male and Female He Created Them . . .”
560

II. The Vocation to Chastity
561

III. The Love of Husband and Wife
567

IV. Offenses Against the Dignity of Marriage
572

IN BRIEF
575

ARTICLE 7: THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT
577

I. The Universal Destination and the Private Ownership of Goods
577

II. Respect for Persons and Their Goods
578

III. The Social Doctrine of the Church
581

IV. Economic Activity and Social Justice
583

V. Justice and Solidarity Among Nations
585

VI. Love for the Poor
587

IN BRIEF
589

ARTICLE 8: THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT
591

I. Living in the Truth
591

II. To Bear Witness to the Truth
592

III. Offenses Against Truth
594

IV. Respect for the Truth
596

V. The Use of the Social Communications Media
597

VI. Truth, Beauty, and Sacred Art
599

IN BRIEF
600

ARTICLE 9: THE NINTH COMMANDMENT
601

I. Purification of the Heart
602

II. The Battle for Purity
603

IN BRIEF
605

ARTICLE 10: THE TENTH COMMANDMENT
606

I. The Disorder of Covetous Desires
606

II. The Desires of the Spirit
608

III. Poverty of Heart
609

IV. “I Want to See God”
610

IN BRIEF
611

PART 4: Christian Prayer
613

SECTION 1: Prayer in the Christian Life
613

What Is Prayer?
613

CH 1: The Revelation of Prayer
616

THE UNIVERSAL CALL TO PRAYER
616

ARTICLE 1: IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
616

IN BRIEF
623

ARTICLE 2: IN THE FULLNESS OF TIME
624

IN BRIEF
630

ARTICLE 3: IN THE AGE OF THE CHURCH
631

I. Blessing and Adoration
632

II. Prayer of Petition
632

III. Prayer of Intercession
633

IV. Prayer of Thanksgiving
634

V. Prayer of Praise
635

IN BRIEF
636

CH 2: The Tradition of Prayer
637

ARTICLE 1: AT THE WELLSPRINGS OF PRAYER
637

IN BRIEF
639

ARTICLE 2: THE WAY OF PRAYER
640

IN BRIEF
644

ARTICLE 3: GUIDES FOR PRAYER
645

IN BRIEF
647

CH 3: The Life of Prayer
648

ARTICLE 1: EXPRESSIONS OF PRAYER
648

I Vocal Prayer
648

II. Meditation
649

III. Contemplative Prayer
650

IN BRIEF
652

ARTICLE 2: THE BATTLE OF PRAYER
653

I. Objections to Prayer
653

II. Humble Vigilance of Heart
654

III. Filial Trust
655

IV. Persevering in Love
657

ARTICLE 3: THE PRAYER OF THE HOUR OF JESUS
659

IN BRIEF
660

SECTION 2: The Lord’s Prayer “Our Father!”
661

ARTICLE 1: “THE SUMMARY OF THE WHOLE GOSPEL”
662

I. At the Center of the Scriptures
662

II. “The Lord’s Prayer”
663

III. The Prayer of the Church
663

IN BRIEF
665

ARTICLE 2: “OUR FATHER WHO ART IN HEAVEN”
665

I. “We Dare to Say”
665

II. “Father!”
666

III. “Our” Father
668

IV. “Who Art in Heaven”
670

IN BRIEF
671

ARTICLE 3: THE SEVEN PETITIONS
672

I. “Hallowed Be Thy Name”
673

II. "Thy Kingdom Come”
675

III. “Thy Will Be Done on Earth as It Is in Heaven”
677

IV. “Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread”
679

V. “And Forgive Us Our Trespasses, as We Forgive Those Who Trespass Against Us”
681

VI. “And Lead Us Not into Temptation”
684

VII. “But Deliver Us from Evil”
685

ARTICLE 4: THE FINAL DOXOLOGY
687

IN BRIEF
687

INDEX OF CITATIONS
689

INDEX
753

ABBREVIATIONS
861

GLOSSARY
864