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CONTENTS
5

APOSTOLIC LETTER LAETAMUR MAGNOPERE
15

APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTION FIDEI DEPOSITUM
19

PROLOGUE
25

I. The Life of Man—To Know and Love God
25

II. Handing on the Faith: Catechesis
26

III. The Aim and Intended Readership of This Catechism
27

IV. Structure of This Catechism
27

V. Practical Directions for Using This Catechism
29

VI. Necessary Adaptations
29

PART 1: The Profession of Faith
31

SECTION 1: I Believe—We Believe
31

CH 1: Man’s Capacity for God
31

I. The Desire for God
31

II. Ways of Coming to Know God
32

III. The Knowledge of God According to the Church
34

IV. How Can We Speak about God?
35

IN BRIEF
36

CH 2: God Comes to Meet Man
37

ARTICLE 1: THE REVELATION OF GOD
37

I. God Reveals His “Plan of Loving Goodness”
37

II. The Stages of Revelation
38

III. Christ Jesus—“Mediator and Fullness of All Revelation”
40

IN BRIEF
41

ARTICLE 2: THE TRANSMISSION OF DIVINE REVELATION
42

I. The Apostolic Tradition
42

II. The Relationship Between Tradition and Sacred Scripture
44

III. The Interpretation of the Heritage of Faith
45

IN BRIEF
47

ARTICLE 3: SACRED SCRIPTURE
48

I. Christ—The Unique Word of Sacred Scripture
48

II. Inspiration and Truth of Sacred Scripture
49

III. The Holy Spirit, Interpreter of Scripture
50

IV. The Canon of Scripture
52

V. Sacred Scripture in the Life of the Church
55

IN BRIEF
55

CH 3: Man’s Response to God
57

ARTICLE 1: I BELIEVE
57

I. The Obedience of Faith
57

II. “I Know Whom I Have Believed”
58

III. The Characteristics of Faith
59

ARTICLE 2: WE BELIEVE
63

I. “Lord, Look upon the Faith of Your Church”
64

II. The Language of Faith
64

III. Only One Faith
65

IN BRIEF
66

The Credo
67

SECTION 2: The Profession of the Christian Faith
69

The Creeds
69

CH 1: I Believe in God the Father
72

ARTICLE 1: “I BELIEVE IN GOD, THE FATHER ALMIGHTY, CREATOR OF HEAVEN AND EARTH”
72

Paragraph 1. I Believe in God
72

I. “I Believe in One God”
72

II. God Reveals His Name
73

III. God, “He Who Is,” Is Truth and Love
76

IV. The Implications of Faith in One God
78

IN BRIEF
79

Paragraph 2. The Father
80

I. “In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit”
80

II. The Revelation of God as Trinity
81

III. The Holy Trinity in the Teaching of the Faith
84

IV. The Divine Works and the Trinitarian Missions
86

IN BRIEF
87

Paragraph 3. The Almighty
89

IN BRIEF
90

Paragraph 4. The Creator
91

I. Catechesis on Creation
91

II. Creation—Work of the Holy Trinity
94

III. “The World Was Created for the Glory of God”
94

IV. The Mystery of Creation
95

V. God Carries Out His Plan: Divine Providence
98

IN BRIEF
101

Paragraph 5. Heaven and Earth
103

I. The Angels
103

II. The Visible World
105

IN BRIEF
108

Paragraph 6. Man
109

I. “In the Image of God”
109

II. “Body and Soul but Truly One”
110

III. “Male and Female He Created Them”
112

IV. Man in Paradise
113

IN BRIEF
114

Paragraph 7. The Fall
115

I. Where Sin Abounded, Grace Abounded All the More
115

II. The Fall of the Angels
116

III. Original Sin
118

IV. “You Did Not Abandon Him to the Domain of Death”
122

IN BRIEF
122

CH 2: I Believe in Jesus Christ, His Only Son, Our Lord
124

ARTICLE 2: AND IN JESUS CHRIST, HIS ONLY SON, OUR LORD
126

I. Jesus
126

II. Christ
127

III. The Only Son of God
129

IV. Lord
130

IN BRIEF
132

ARTICLE 3: WHO WAS CONCEIVED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT, BORN OF THE VIRGIN MARY
133

Paragraph 1. The Son of God Became Man
133

I. Why Did the Word Become Flesh?
133

II. The Incarnation
134

III. True God and True Man
135

IV. How Is the Son of God Man?
137

IN BRIEF
139

Paragraph 2. Who Was Conceived by the Holy Spirit, Born of the Virgin Mary
140

I. Who Was Conceived by the Holy Spirit,
140

II. Born of the Virgin Mary
140

IN BRIEF
146

Paragraph 3. The Mysteries of Christ’s Life
147

I. Christ’s Whole Life Is Mystery
147

II. The Mysteries of Jesus’ Infancy and Hidden Life
149

III. The Mysteries of Jesus’ Public Life
154

IN BRIEF
163

ARTICLE 4: JESUS CHRIST SUFFERED UNDER PONTIUS PILATE, WAS CRUCIFIED, DIED AND WAS BURIED
164

Paragraph 1. Jesus and Israel
165

I. Jesus and the Law
166

II. Jesus and the Temple
167

III. Jesus and Israel’s Faith in the One God and Savior
169

IN BRIEF
170

Paragraph 2. Jesus Died Crucified
171

I. The Trial of Jesus
171

II. Christ’s Redemptive Death in God’s Plan of Salvation
173

III. Christ Offered Himself to His Father for Our Sins
175

IN BRIEF
179

Paragraph 3. Jesus Christ Was Buried
180

IN BRIEF
181

ARTICLE 5: HE DESCENDED INTO HELL; ON THE THIRD DAY HE ROSE AGAIN FROM THE DEAD
182

Paragraph 1. Christ Descended into Hell
182

IN BRIEF
183

Paragraph 2. On the Third Day He Rose Again from the Dead
184

I. The Historical and Transcendent Event
184

II. The Resurrection—A Work of the Holy Trinity
187

III. The Meaning and Saving Significance of the Resurrection
188

IN BRIEF
189

ARTICLE 6: HE ASCENDED INTO HEAVEN, AND IS SEATED AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD THE FATHER ALMIGHTY
190

IN BRIEF
191

ARTICLE 7: FROM THERE HE WILL COME AGAIN TO JUDGE THE LIVING AND THE DEAD
192

I. He Will Come Again in Glory
192

II. To Judge the Living and the Dead
195

IN BRIEF
196

CH 3: I Believe in the Holy Spirit
197

ARTICLE 8: I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT
198

I. The Joint Mission of the Son and the Spirit
199

II. The Name, Titles, and Symbols of the Holy Spirit
200

III. God’s Spirit and Word in the Time of the Promises
204

IV. The Spirit of Christ in the Fullness of Time
208

V. The Spirit and the Church in the Last Days
211

IN BRIEF
214

ARTICLE 9: I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH
215

Paragraph 1. The Church in God’s Plan
215

I. Names and Images of the Church
215

II. The Church’s Origin, Foundation, and Mission
217

III. The Mystery of the Church
221

IN BRIEF
223

Paragraph 2. The Church—People of God, Body of Christ, Temple of the Holy Spirit
224

I. The Church—People of God
224

II. The Church—Body of Christ
226

III. The Church Is the Temple of the Holy Spirit
229

IN BRIEF
231

Paragraph 3. The Church Is One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic
232

I. The Church Is One
232

II. The Church Is Holy
236

III. The Church Is Catholic
238

IV. The Church Is Apostolic
245

IN BRIEF
248

Paragraph 4. Christ’s Faithful—Hierarchy, Laity, Consecrated Life
249

I. The Hierarchical Constitution of the Church
249

II. The Lay Faithful
255

III. The Consecrated Life
259

IN BRIEF
263

Paragraph 5. The Communion of Saints
265

I. Communion in Spiritual Goods
265

II. The Communion of the Church of Heaven and Earth
267

IN BRIEF
268

Paragraph 6. Mary—Mother of Christ, Mother of the Church
269

I. Mary’s Motherhood with Regard to the Church
269

II. Devotion to the Blessed Virgin
271

III. Mary—Eschatological Icon of the Church
271

IN BRIEF
272

ARTICLE 10: I BELIEVE IN THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS
272

I. One Baptism for the Forgiveness of Sins
273

II. The Power of the Keys
274

IN BRIEF
275

ARTICLE 11: I BELIEVE IN THE RESURRECTION OF THE BODY
276

I. Christ’s Resurrection and Ours
277

II. Dying in Christ Jesus
280

IN BRIEF
283

ARTICLE 12: I BELIEVE IN LIFE EVERLASTING
284

I. The Particular Judgment
284

II. Heaven
285

III. The Final Purification, or Purgatory
286

IV. Hell
287

V. The Last Judgment
289

VI. The Hope of the New Heaven and the New Earth
290

IN BRIEF
292

“Amen”
294

PART 2: The Celebration of the Christian Mystery
295

SECTION 1: The Sacramental Economy
298

CH 1: The Paschal Mystery in the Age of the Church
298

ARTICLE 1: THE LITURGY—WORK OF THE HOLY TRINITY
298

I. The Father—Source and Goal of the Liturgy
298

II. Christ’s Work in the Liturgy
300

III. The Holy Spirit and the Church in the Liturgy
301

IN BRIEF
306

ARTICLE 2: THE PASCHAL MYSTERY IN THE CHURCH’S SACRAMENTS
307

I. The Sacraments of Christ
307

II. The Sacraments of the Church
307

III. The Sacraments of Faith
309

IV. The Sacraments of Salvation
310

V. The Sacraments of Eternal Life
310

IN BRIEF
311

CH 2: The Sacramental Celebration of the Paschal Mystery
312

ARTICLE 1: CELEBRATING THE CHURCH’S LITURGY
312

I. Who Celebrates?
312

II. How Is the Liturgy Celebrated?
314

III. When Is the Liturgy Celebrated?
319

IV. Where Is the Liturgy Celebrated?
323

IN BRIEF
325

ARTICLE 2: LITURGICAL DIVERSITY AND THE UNITY OF THE MYSTERY
327

IN BRIEF
328

SECTION 2: The Seven Sacraments of the Church
329

CH 1: The Sacraments of Christian Initiation
329

ARTICLE 1: THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM
330

I. What Is This Sacrament Called?
330

II. Baptism in the Economy of Salvation
331

III. How Is the Sacrament of Baptism Celebrated?
333

IV. Who Can Receive Baptism?
336

V. Who Can Baptize?
338

VI. The Necessity of Baptism
338

VII. The Grace of Baptism
339

IN BRIEF
342

ARTICLE 2: THE SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION
343

I. Confirmation in the Economy of Salvation
344

II. The Signs and the Rite of Confirmation
345

III. The Effects of Confirmation
348

IV. Who Can Receive This Sacrament?
349

V. The Minister of Confirmation
350

IN BRIEF
350

ARTICLE 3: THE SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST
352

I. The Eucharist—Source and Summit of Ecclesial Life
352

II. What Is This Sacrament Called?
353

III. The Eucharist in the Economy of Salvation
354

IV. The Liturgical Celebration of the Eucharist
357

V. The Sacramental Sacrifice: Thanksgiving, Memorial, Presence
360

VI. The Paschal Banquet
367

VII. The Eucharist — “Pledge of the Glory to Come”
372

IN BRIEF
373

CH 2: The Sacraments of Healing
375

ARTICLE 4: THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE AND RECONCILLIATION
375

I. What Is This Sacrament Called?
375

II. Why a Sacrament of Reconciliation after Baptism?
376

III. The Conversion of the Baptized
377

IV. Interior Penance
377

V. The Many Forms of Penance in Christian Life
378

VI. The Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation
379

VII. The Acts of the Penitent
382

VIII. The Minister of This Sacrament
385

IX. The Effects of This Sacrament
387

X. Indulgences
388

XI. The Celebration of the Sacrament of Penance
390

IN BRIEF
391

ARTICLE 5: THE ANOINTING OF THE SICK
393

I. Its Foundations in the Economy of Salvation
393

II. Who Receives and Who Administers This Sacrament?
397

III. How Is This Sacrament Celebrated?
397

IV. The Effects of the Celebration of This Sacrament
398

V. Viaticum, the Last Sacrament of the Christian
399

IN BRIEF
400

CH 3: The Sacraments at the Service of Communion
401

ARTICLE 6: THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY ORDERS
401

I. Why Is This Sacrament Called “Orders”?
402

II. The Sacrament of Holy Orders in the Economy of Salvation
402

III. The Three Degrees of the Sacrament of Holy Orders
406

IV. The Celebration of This Sacrament
411

V. Who Can Confer This Sacrament?
412

VI. Who Can Receive This Sacrament?
412

VII. The Effects of the Sacrament of Holy Orders
413

IN BRIEF
416

ARTICLE 7: THE SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY
418

I. Marriage in God’s Plan
418

II. The Celebration of Marriage
423

III. Matrimonial Consent
424

IV. The Effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony
427

V. The Goods and Requirements of Conjugal Love
428

VI. The Domestic Church
431

IN BRIEF
432

CH 4: Other Liturgical Celebrations
433

ARTICLE 1: SACRAMENTALS
433

IN BRIEF
436

ARTICLE 2: CHRISTIAN FUNERALS
436

I. The Christian’s Last Passover
436

II. The Celebration of Funerals
437

PART 3: Life in Christ
439

SECTION 1: Man’s Vocation Life in the Spirit
442

CH 1: The Dignity of the Human Person
442

ARTICLE 1: MAN: THE IMAGE OF GOD
442

IN BRIEF
444

ARTICLE 2: OUR VOCATION TO BEATITUDE
444

I . The Beatitudes
444

II. The Desire for Happiness
445

III. Christian Beatitude
446

IN BRIEF
447

ARTICLE 3: MAN’S FREEDOM
448

I. Freedom and Responsibility
448

II. Human Freedom in the Economy of Salvation
449

IN BRIEF
451

ARTICLE 4: THE MORALITY OF HUMAN ACTS
451

I. The Sources of Morality
451

II. Good Acts and Evil Acts
453

IN BRIEF
453

ARTICLE 5: THE MORALITY OF THE PASSIONS
454

I. Passions
454

II. Passions and Moral Life
454

IN BRIEF
455

ARTICLE 6: MORAL CONSCIENCE
456

I. The Judgment of Conscience
456

II. The Formation of Conscience
458

III. To Choose in Accord with Conscience
458

IV. Erroneous Judgment
459

IN BRIEF
460

ARTICLE 7: THE VIRTUES
461

I. The Human Virtues
461

II. The Theological Virtues
464

III. The Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Spirit
468

IN BRIEF
469

ARTICLE 8: SIN
470

I. Mercy and Sin
470

II. The Definition of Sin
471

III. The Different Kinds of Sins
472

IV. The Gravity of Sin: Mortal and Venial Sin
472

V. The Proliferation of Sin
475

IN BRIEF
476

CH 2: The Human Community
477

ARTICLE 1: THE PERSON AND SOCIETY
477

I. The Communal Character of the Human Vocation
477

II. Conversion and Society
479

IN BRIEF
480

ARTICLE 2: PARTICIPATION IN SOCIAL LIFE
481

I. Authority
481

II. The Common Good
482

III. Responsibility and Participation
484

IN BRIEF
485

ARTICLE 3: SOCIAL JUSTICE
486

I. Respect for the Human Person
486

II. Equality and Differences Among Men
487

III.Human Solidarity
489

IN BRIEF
490

CH 3: God's Salvation: Law and Grace
491

ARTICLE 1: THE MORAL LAW
491

I. The Natural Moral Law
492

II. The Old Law
494

III. The New Law or the Law of the Gospel
495

IN BRIEF
498

ARTICLE 2: GRACE AND JUSTIFICATION
499

I. Justification
499

II. Grace
501

III. Merit
504

IV. Christian Holiness
506

IN BRIEF
507

ARTICLE 3: THE CHURCH, MOTHER AND TEACHER
508

I. Moral Life and the Magisterium of the Church
509

II. The Precepts of the Church
511

III. Moral Life and Missionary Witness
512

IN BRIEF
513

The Ten Commandments
514

SECTION 2: The Ten Commandments
516

IN BRIEF
522

CH 1: "YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND"
523

ARTICLE 1: THE FIRST COMMANDMENT
523

I. “You Shall Worship the Lord Your God and Him Only Shall You Serve”
523

II. “Him Only Shall You Serve”
526

III. “You Shall Have No Other Gods Before Me”
530

IV. “You Shall Not Make for Yourself a Graven Image . . .”
534

IN BRIEF
535

ARTICLE 2: THE SECOND COMMANDMENT
536

I. The Name of the Lord Is Holy
536

II. Taking the Name of the Lord in Vain
538

III. The Christian Name
539

IN BRIEF
540

ARTICLE 3: THE THIRD COMMANDMENT
541

I. The Sabbath Day
541

II. The Lord’s Day
542

IN BRIEF
547

CH 2: “You Shall Love Your Neighbor as Yourself”
548

ARTICLE 4: THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT
548

I. The Family in God’s Plan
549

II. The Family and Society
551

III. The Duties of Family Members
552

IV. The Family and the Kingdom
557

V. The Authorities in Civil Society
557

IN BRIEF
561

ARTICLE 5: THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT
562

I. Respect for Human Life
562

II. Respect for the Dignity of Persons
569

III. Safeguarding Peace
572

IN BRIEF
576

ARTICLE 6: THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT
578

I. “Male and Female He Created Them . . .”
578

II. The Vocation to Chastity
579

III. The Love of Husband and Wife
585

IV. Offenses Against the Dignity of Marriage
590

IN BRIEF
593

ARTICLE 7: THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT
595

I. The Universal Destination and the Private Ownership of Goods
595

II. Respect for Persons and Their Goods
596

III. The Social Doctrine of the Church
599

IV. Economic Activity and Social Justice
601

V. Justice and Solidarity Among Nations
603

VI. Love for the Poor
605

IN BRIEF
607

ARTICLE 8: THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT
609

I. Living in the Truth
609

II. To Bear Witness to the Truth
610

III. Offenses Against Truth
612

IV. Respect for the Truth
614

V. The Use of the Social Communications Media
615

VI. Truth, Beauty, and Sacred Art
617

IN BRIEF
618

ARTICLE 9: THE NINTH COMMANDMENT
619

I. Purification of the Heart
620

II. The Battle for Purity
621

IN BRIEF
623

ARTICLE 10: THE TENTH COMMANDMENT
624

I. The Disorder of Covetous Desires
624

II. The Desires of the Spirit
626

III. Poverty of Heart
627

IV. “I Want to See God”
628

IN BRIEF
629

PART 4: Christian Prayer
631

SECTION 1: Prayer in the Christian Life
631

What Is Prayer?
631

CH 1: The Revelation of Prayer
634

THE UNIVERSAL CALL TO PRAYER
634

ARTICLE 1: IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
634

IN BRIEF
641

ARTICLE 2: IN THE FULLNESS OF TIME
642

IN BRIEF
648

ARTICLE 3: IN THE AGE OF THE CHURCH
649

I. Blessing and Adoration
650

II. Prayer of Petition
650

III. Prayer of Intercession
651

IV. Prayer of Thanksgiving
652

V. Prayer of Praise
653

IN BRIEF
654

CH 2: The Tradition of Prayer
655

ARTICLE 1: AT THE WELLSPRINGS OF PRAYER
655

IN BRIEF
657

ARTICLE 2: THE WAY OF PRAYER
658

IN BRIEF
662

ARTICLE 3: GUIDES FOR PRAYER
663

IN BRIEF
665

CH 3: The Life of Prayer
666

ARTICLE 1: EXPRESSIONS OF PRAYER
666

I Vocal Prayer
666

II. Meditation
667

III. Contemplative Prayer
668

IN BRIEF
670

ARTICLE 2: THE BATTLE OF PRAYER
671

I. Objections to Prayer
671

II. Humble Vigilance of Heart
672

III. Filial Trust
673

IV. Persevering in Love
675

ARTICLE 3: THE PRAYER OF THE HOUR OF JESUS
677

IN BRIEF
678

SECTION 2: The Lord’s Prayer “Our Father!”
679

ARTICLE 1: “THE SUMMARY OF THE WHOLE GOSPEL”
680

I. At the Center of the Scriptures
680

II. “The Lord’s Prayer”
681

III. The Prayer of the Church
681

IN BRIEF
683

ARTICLE 2: “OUR FATHER WHO ART IN HEAVEN”
683

I. “We Dare to Say”
683

II. “Father!”
684

III. “Our” Father
686

IV. “Who Art in Heaven”
688

IN BRIEF
689

ARTICLE 3: THE SEVEN PETITIONS
690

I. “Hallowed Be Thy Name”
691

II. "Thy Kingdom Come”
693

III. “Thy Will Be Done on Earth as It Is in Heaven”
695

IV. “Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread”
697

V. “And Forgive Us Our Trespasses, as We Forgive Those Who Trespass Against Us”
699

VI. “And Lead Us Not into Temptation”
702

VII. “But Deliver Us from Evil”
703

ARTICLE 4: THE FINAL DOXOLOGY
705

IN BRIEF
705

INDEX OF CITATIONS
707

INDEX
771

ABBREVIATIONS
879

GLOSSARY
882