Chapter 23. Life in Christ—Part One • 319
1. What is the source of the love needed for moral life? Some cur-
rent understandings of the word
refer to behavior that is actu-
ally contrary to the true meaning of love. What are some examples
2. Why are the Ten Commandments, the Beatitudes, and other rules
needed for us to be moral? What happens when we rely on the Ten
Commandments and other rules without love? Can you name some-
one who models living the Ten Commandments, the Beatitudes, and
other rules in real life in a loving way?
3. What are ways or means by which a person forms his or her con-
science? What is the role of the Church in conscience formation?
• Every person bears the dignity of being made in the image of God.
The Creator has given us an immortal soul and enables us to under-
stand the order of things established by him. God has given us a free
will to seek and love what is true, good, and beautiful.
• Because of the Fall, we also suffer the impact of Original Sin, which
darkens our minds, weakens our wills, and inclines us to sin. Baptism
delivers us from Original Sin, but not from its effects—especially the
inclination to sin, concupiscence.
• Jesus calls us to be happy and shows us how to attain this. The desire
for happiness is a principal motivation for the moral life. Our sin-
ful inclinations, attitudes, and actions prevent us from being totally
happy on earth. In heaven, we will have perfect joy.
• God gives us intelligence and the capacity to act freely. We can initi-
ate and control our acts. Social pressures and inner drives may affect
our acts and limit our freedom. Normally we are free in our actions.
• “The imputability or responsibility for an action can be diminished
or nullified by ignorance, duress, fear, and other psychological and
social factors” (CCC, no. 1746).