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Chapter 24. Life in Christ—Part Two • 331

the saving truth.” “To the Church belongs the right always

and everywhere to announce moral principles, including those

pertaining to the social order, and to make judgments on any

human affairs to the extent that they are required by the fun-

damental rights of the human person or the salvation of souls.”

(CCC, no. 2032, citing 1 Tm 3:15; LG, no. 17; CIC, can. 747 §2)

1. Why is happiness a motivation to be moral?

The Beatitudes respond to the natural desire for happi-

ness. This desire is of divine origin: God has placed it in

the human heart in order to draw man to the One who

alone can fulfill it. (CCC, no. 1718)

2. What is social sin?

Sin makes men accomplices of one another and causes

concupiscence, violence, and injustice to reign among

them. Sins give rise to social situations and institutions

that are contrary to the divine goodness. “Structures of

sin” are the expression and effect of personal sins. They

lead their victims to do evil in their turn. In an analogous

sense, they constitute a “social sin.” (CCC, no. 1869)

3. What is the New Law?

The New Law or the Law of the Gospel is the perfection

here on earth of the divine law, natural and revealed. It

is the work of Christ and is expressed particularly in the

Sermon on the Mount. It is also the work of the Holy

Spirit, and through him it becomes the interior law of

charity: “I will establish a New Covenant with the house

of Israel. . . . I will put my laws into their minds, and write

them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they

shall be my people.” (CCC, no. 1965, citing Heb 8:8, 10)