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362 • Part III. Christian Morality: The Faith Lived

He financed this and other projects from a subsidy he received from

his mother. He encouraged migration by buying land and offering it to

settlers at a low price. He declined several calls to become a bishop

in order to stabilize his local community. In 1816, Fr. Gallitzin planned a

town and laid out its two main streets. He changed the name of the area

from “McGuire’s settlement” to Loretto. He became vicar-general for west-

ern Pennsylvania. The strong Catholicism he established is reflected in

the area’s heavily Catholic population today. Called the “Apostle to the

Alleghenies,” Fr. Gallitzin planted a durable seed that became a great

tree, a community of the baptized where the Eucharist nourished the faith.

Fr. James Fitton was born in Boston in 1805 to Abraham Fitton, an English

wheelwright, and Sarah (Williams) Fitton of Wales. James Fitton attended

public school in Boston,and Claremont Academy in New Hampshire.When

he asked to become a priest, Bishop Benedict Joseph Fenwick of Boston

oversaw his theological studies and ordained Fr.Fitton in 1827.He soon took

up missionary assignments in Connecticut, Rhode Island, and central and

western Massachusetts.

In 1831, Fr. Fitton was the only priest serving in what is today the

Archdiocese of Hartford and the Dioceses of Bridgeport and Norwich in

Connecticut and Springfield and Worcester in Massachusetts. He brought

the Mass and the other Sacraments to two thousand Catholics scattered

across that region. By contrast, today there are nearly two thousand

priests serving about two million Catholics in that same territory.

Fr. Fitton was the typical circuit-riding priest of that early period. He

was known to have celebrated the first Mass ever in many locations in

what is now known as the Worcester diocese. A pioneer in Catholic edu-

cation, he founded Mount St. James Seminary, Worcester, which became

the College of the Holy Cross run by the Jesuits. Fr. Fitton was the first New

England priest to celebrate his fiftieth anniversary as a priest. He died in

1881 and is called the “Apostle to New England.”

These two men realized that observing the Day of the Lord meant pro-

viding the faithful the opportunity to attend Mass. They did it by establishing