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Chapter 36. Jesus Taught Us to Pray • 489

of temptation (cf. Mt 4:1-11; Lk 4: 1-12). “It is by his prayer that Jesus

vanquishes the tempter, both at the outset of his public mission and in

the ultimate struggle of his agony” (CCC, no. 2849).

But Deliver Us from Evil

In the last petition, “but deliver us from evil,” Christians

pray to God with the Church to show forth the victory,

already won by Christ, over the “ruler of this world,”

Satan, the angel personally opposed to God and to his

plan of salvation.

—CCC, no. 2864

As always throughout this prayer, we are reminded that we pray with

the Church. We do not pray alone but in union with the community of

believers around the world—all of us bound by our union with Jesus in

the Spirit and with an adoptive filial relationship to the Father.

The

Catechism

emphasizes that we ask God to deliver us from the

Evil One—Satan, the devil (cf. Jn 17:15). The evil we confront is not

just an abstract idea, but an evil, fallen angel who wants to prevent our

salvation. We entrust ourselves to God so that the devil may not lead us

into sin.

“One who entrusts himself to God does not dread the devil. ‘If

God is for us, who is against us?’” (CCC, no. 2852, citing St. Ambrose,

On the Sacraments

, 5, 4, 30; cf. Rom 8:31). We ask God to deliver us

from all evils—past, present, and future—of which Satan is the author

or instigator.

Doxology

There is a final doxology which was added by the early Church: “For

the kingdom, the power and the glory are yours, now and forever” (cf.

Teaching of the Twelve Apostles

[

Didache

] 8, 2;

Apostolic Constitutions

,

7, 24). It is recited by Latin Catholics after the prayer which follows the

recitation of the Our Father during Mass. These words of praise echo

the first three petitions, and we use them as words of adoration in union

with the liturgy of heaven.