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512 • Conclusion and Appendices


This is the

ministry and mission of proclaim-

ing and witnessing Christ and

his Gospel with the intention of

deepening the faith of believers and

inviting others to be baptized and

initiated into the Church.


A severe

penalty imposed or declared by the

Church upon a Catholic who has

committed a grave crime or offense

according to Church law; a person

who is excommunicated is barred

from celebrating or receiving the

Sacraments. This penalty is imposed

as a remedy for serious sin, not as a

punishment. Remission of the pen-

alty can be granted only by those

authorized to do so by the Church.


The process used by

Scripture scholars to determine the

literal and spiritual meanings of the

biblical text.


“Exorcism is directed

at the expulsion of demons or

to the liberation from demonic

possession through the spiritual

authority which Jesus entrusted to

his Church” (CCC, no. 1673, citing

CIC, can. 1172). One needs to dis-

tinguish psychological illness from

demonic possession. Illness is the

domain of psychological and medi-

cal care, whereas the presence of

the Evil One needs the attention of

an exorcist. In the Rite of Baptism,

there is also a Prayer of Exorcism

prior to the anointing with the Oil

of the Catechumens; in this prayer,

the priest or deacon asks that the

one about to be baptized be freed

from Original Sin.



This is both a gift of God

and a human act by which the

believer gives personal adherence

to God (who invites his or her

response) and freely assents to the

whole truth that God has revealed.


A title for the

event in which the first man and

woman, traditionally called Adam

and Eve, disobeyed God with the

result that they lost their place in

Paradise, passed Original Sin to

all their descendants, and made

Redemption necessary.


“A man and a woman,

united in marriage, together with

their children, form a family. This

institution is prior to any recogni-

tion by public authority, which

has an obligation to recognize it.

It should be considered the normal

reference point by which the dif-

ferent [authentic] forms of family

relationships are to be [recognized]”

(CCC, no. 2202).