28 • Part I. The Creed: The Faith Professed
The spiritual senses of Sacred Scripture derive from the unity of
God’s plan of salvation. The text of Scripture discloses God’s plan. The
realities and events of which it speaks can also be signs of the divine
plan. There are three spiritual senses of Scripture:
. We can acquire a more profound
understanding of events by recognizing their significance in
Christ; thus the crossing of the Red Sea is a sign or type of
Christ’s victory over sin and also of Christian Baptism.
. The events reported in Scripture ought to
lead us to act justly. As St. Paul says, they were written “for
our instruction” (1 Cor 10:11).
. . . . We can view realities and events
in terms of their eternal significance, leading us toward our
true homeland: thus the Church on earth is a sign of the
heavenly Jerusalem. (CCC, no. 117)
The Church’s Scripture scholars are expected to work according to
these principles to develop a better understanding of Scripture for God’s
people. Interpretation of Scripture is ultimately subject to the judgment
of the Magisterium, which exercises the divine commission to hold fast
to and to interpret authoritatively God’s Word.
OTHER BIBLICAL INTERPRETATIONS
Our response to God’s call to holiness involves regular, prayerful study
of Scripture. “Such is the force and power of the Word of God that it
can serve . . . the children of the Church as strength for their faith, food
for the soul, and a pure and lasting font of spiritual life” (CCC, no. 131,
citing DV, no. 21).
Catholic biblical scholars have made distinguished contributions to
scriptural studies. Their outstanding service to the Church has assisted
believers to grow in their faith by an authentic understanding of
Scripture. Two of the various challenges they face come from interpreta-
tions posed, on the one hand, by those who interpret the Bible only in a
literal fashion, and, on the other hand, by those who deny the supernatu-
ral aspects of the Gospels.