Chapter 5. I Believe in God • 53
Third, the Divine Persons are in relation to each other. The distinc-
tion of each is understood only in reference to the others. The Father
cannot be the Father without the Son, nor can the Son be the Son with-
out the Father. The Holy Spirit is related to the Father and the Son who
both send him forth.
All Christians are baptized in the name of the Father and of the
Son and of the Holy Spirit. The Trinity illumines all the other mysteries
GOD IS CREATOR OF HEAVEN AND EARTH
The first line of the Bible says, “In the beginning when God created the
heavens and the earth” (Gn 1:1). The first three chapters of the Book
of Genesis have shaped the religious thought of Jews and Christians;
indeed they have shaped the literature of the Western world—about God
as “Creator of heaven and earth” (Apostles’ Creed), “of all that is seen
and unseen” (Nicene Creed), and about the creation of the human race,
of the Fall, and of the promise of salvation through the story of Adam
and Eve. These three chapters must be read by anyone who wants to
understand the meaning of the world and humanity.
Catechesis on creation is of major importance. Where do we come
from? Where are we going? These two questions about our origin and
our end are the underlying issues of the human search for meaning.
These are the questions that the Bible helps us to answer.
Beginning with Genesis, all Scripture states the following truths in
relation to God’s work of creation:
• God created the world out of his wisdom and love
. Creation is not
the result of blind fate or complete chance.
• God made the universe
out of nothing
.” This means that the world
is not a “part” of God or made from some pre-existing substance.
The world depends on God for its existence; God is independent of
his creation and distinct from it, even though creation is sustained in
existence by his Providence: “In him we live and move and have our
being,” as St. Paul preached to the people of Athens (Acts 17:28).